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60 Cards in this Set

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a- , an-
absence or lack

acardia, lack of a heart
anaerobic, in the absence of oxygen
ab-
departing from; away from

abnormal, departing from normal
acou-
hearing

acoustics, the science of sound
ac- , acro-
extreme or extremity; peak

acrodermatitis, inflammation of the skin of the extremities
ad-
to or toward

adorbital, toward teh orbit
aden- , adeno-
gland

adeniform, resembling a gland in shape
adren-
toward the kidney

adrenal gland, adjacent to the kidney
aero-
air

aerobic respiration, oxygen-requiring metabolism
af-
toward

afferent neurons, which carry impulses to the central nervous system
agon-
contest

agonistic and antagonistic muscles, which oppose each other
alb-
white

corpus albicans of the ovary, a white scar tissue
ailment-
nourish

alimentary canal, or digestive tract
allel-
of one another

alleles, alternative expressions of a gene
amphi-
on both sides; of both kinds

amphibian, an organism capable of living in water and on land
ana-
apart, up, again

anaphase of mitosis, when the chromosomes separate
anastomos-
come together

arteriovenous anastomosis, a connection between an artery and a vein
aneurysm
a widening

aoritic aneurism, a weka spot that causes enlargement of the blood vessel
angi-
vessel

angiitis, inflammation of a lymph vessel or blood vessel
angin-
choked

angina pectoris, a choked feeling in a chest due to dysfunction of the heart
ant-, anti-
opposed to; preventing or inhibiting

anticoagulant, a substance that prevents blood coagulation
ante-
preceding; before

antecubital, in front of the elbow
aort
great artery

aorta
ap-, api-
tip, extremity

apex of the heart
append-
hang to

appendicular skeleton
aqua-, aque-
water

aqueous solutions
arbor
tree

arbor vitae of the cerebellum, the treelike pattern of white matter
areola-
open space

areolar connective tissue, a loose connective tissue
arrect-
upright

arrector pili muscles of the skin, which make the hairs stand erect
arthr- , arthro-
joint

arthropathy, any joint disease
artic-
joint

articular surfaces of bones, the points of connection
atri-
vestibule

atria, upper chambers of the heart
auscult-
listen

auscultatory method for measuring blood pressure
aut-, auto-
self

autogenous, self-generated
ax-, axi-, axo-
axis, axle

axial skeleton, axis of vertebral column
azyg-
unpaired

azygous vein, an unpaired vessel
baro-
pressure

baroreceptors for monitoring blood pressure
basal
base

basal lamina of epithelial basement membrane
bi-
two

bicuspid, having two cusps
bili-
bile

bilirubin, a bile pigment
bio-
life

biology, the study of life and living organisms
blast-
bud or germ

blastocyte, undifferentiated embryonic cell
brachi-
arm

brachial plexus of peripheral nervous system supplies the arm
brady-
slow

bradycardia, abnormally slow heart rate
brev-
short

peroneus brevis, a short leg muscle
broncho-
bronchus

bronchospasm, spasmodiccontraction of bronchial muscle
bucco-
cheek

buccolabial, pertaining to the cheek and lip
calor-
heat

calories, a measure of energy
capill-
hair

blood and lymph capillaries
caput-
head

decapitate, remove the head
carcin-
cancer

carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent
cardi-, cardio-
heart

cardiotoxic, harmful to the heart
carneo-
flesh

trabeculae carneae, ridges of muscle in the ventricles of the heart
carot-
1. carrot, 2. stupor

1. carotene, an orange pigment;
2. carotid arteries in the neck, blockage causes fainting
cata-
down

catabolism, chemical breakdown
caud-
tail

caudal (directional term)
cec-
blind

cecum of large intestine, a blind-ending pouch
cele-
abdominal

celiac artery, in the abdomen
cephal-
head

cephalometer, an instrument for measuring the head
cerebro-
brain, especially the cerebrum

cerebrospinal, pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cervic- , cervix
neck

cervix of the uterus