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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pectoral girdle composed of
Clavicle
Scapula
Free upper limb is composed of
Arm or Brachium
Forearm or Antebrachium
Hand or Manus composed of
Carpus
Metacarpus
Phalanges
Coracoclavicular ligament composed of two part
Postero medial- conoid ligament
Anterolateral- Trapezoid ligam
Ligaments of clavicle are
Coracoclavicular ligament
Acromioclavicular ligament
Ligament of the scapula are
Coracoacromial ligament
Superior transverse scapular
Shoulder joint are formed by
Head of humerus
Glenoid fossa
This cartilage is found in the glenoid cavity
Fibrocartilaginous
These ligaments strengthened the articular capsule of the shoulder joint
Coracohumeral ligament
Glenohumeral ligament
This part of the glenoid articular capsule is the weakest
Inferior Part- not supported by muscle
The fibers of the Trapezium muscle inserted on clavicle and Acromion function to
Raise shoulder- only upper fiber does it directly
Upper fiber of Trapezium muscle acting with levator scapulae muscle function to
Elevate Scapula
Flex neck
Upper fiber of trapezium muscle acting with serratus anterior function to
Rotate scapula upward- Raised arm above head
Middle fiber of trapezium muscle acting with rhomboids muscle function to
Retract Scapula
Lower fiber of trapezium alone function to
Depress scapula
When shoulder fixed, trapezium muscle function to
Draw head backward and laterally extend head to opposite side
This nerves innervate Trapezium muscle
Accessory nerve- CNXI
Braches of spinal nerve C 3,4
This artery supply trapezium muscle
Superficial branch of transverse cervical artery
These muscles act together to raise medial border of scapula
Levator Scapulae muscle
Rhomboids Muscles
Pectoralis Muscle
This nerve innervate rhomboids muscle
Dorsal scapular from C5
These muscles produce downward rotation of glenoid cavity and depress shoulder
Levator scapulae muscle
Rhomboids muscle
Pectoralis Minor muscle
This nerve innervate levator scapulae
Dorsal scapular
C 3,4
This muscle take part in swimming, coughing, sneezing and aid in deep inspiration
Latissimus muscle
This nerve innervate latissimus dorsi
Thoracodorsal nerve
Superficial branch of transverse cervical artery arises from
Thyrocervical trunk
Thyrocervical trunk is off this artery
Subclavian Artery
This vein separate pectoralis major muscle from deltoid muscle
Cephalic vein
These are the joint that attaches clavicle to sternum and scapula
Sternoclavicular joint
Coracoclavicular joint
Sternoclavicular joint and coracoclavicular joint are what type of joints
Synovial joint
This artery supply levator scapulae muscle
Deep branch of transverse cervical Artery
Serratus anterior with pectoralis minor muscle act on scapula to
Protract- reaching motion
Depress- pushing motion
The boxer's muscles are
Serratus anterior muscle
Pectoralis minor muscle
Serratus anterior with trapezium causes the scapula to rotate
lateral or upward
Raise arm above head
This artery supply serratus anterior muscle
Lateral thoracic Artery
This nerve innervate serratus anterior muscle
long thoracic nerve from C5,5,7,6
When long thoracic nerve is damaged and scapula protrude dorsally this condition occur
Winging of Scapula
The heads of the pectoralis major muscle are
Clavicular head
Sternocostal head
Calvicular head of pectoralis major muscle aid shoulder joint horizontally by
Flexion it
Sternocostal head of pectoralis major muscle is a powerful
Extensor muscle
These muscle help sternocostal head of pectoralis major muscle to extend a fully flex arm
latissimus dorsi muscle
tere major muscle
Movement created by pectoralis major muscle
adduct arm
medially rotate arm and
forward and medially across chest
These nerve innervate pectoralis major muscle
Lateral pectoral nerve
Medial pectoral nerve
Pectoralis minor and serratus anterior muscle act on scapula by
Protracting
Depressing
Pectoralis minor, levator scapulea muscle and rhomboids muscle act on scapula by
Medial rotation
Depression
Pectoralis major and minor blood supply is from
Branch of the thoracoacromial artery
Lateral thoracic artery
This artery give off thoracoacromial artery
Axillary artery
These nerve innervate pectoralis minor muscle
Medial and lateral pectoral nerver
The climbing muscles are
Latissimus dorsi muscle
Pectoralis major muscle
These muscles move the body upward without moving extermities
Latissimus dorsi muscle
Pectoralis major muscle
These muscles elevate scapula
Levator scapulae
Trapezium
These muscles depresses the scapula
Serratus Anterior muscle
Pectoralis minor muscle
These muscles protracts the scapula
Serratus anterior muscle
Pectoralis minor muscle
These muscles retract scapula
Trapezium muscle
Rhomboids muscle
These muscles causes forward or upward or lateral rotation of scapula
Serratus Anterior muscle
Trapezium muscle
This nerve passes through pectoralis minor muscle
Medial pectoralis nerves
These muscles medially or downward rotate the scapula
Rhomboids muscle
Levator scapulae muscle
pectoralis minor muscle