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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Group of cells that are similar in structure, function and embryonic development are called
TISSUES
The four basic tissues of the body are
Epithelial
Muscular(Muscle)
connective
Nervous
When two or more tissues combine together they form
Organ
Name the 10 major system of the human body
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Endocrine
Circulatory
Respiratory
Digestive
Urinary
Reproductive
The tissue that cover the outer layer of the skin is
Epithelial or Epidermis
This tissue line the digestive system, ventral body cavities, blood vessels and some glandular ducts
Epithelial Tissue
What are the processes the epithelium tissue is involved in
Absorption
Secretion
Excretion
This tissue causes the forming of a layer called subcutaneous or superficial fascia or hypodermis when attach skin to tissues
Connective Tissue
This tissue fills the spaces between organ and serves as a storages of energy reserves
Connective Tissue
Which tissue support and surround the blood vessels and also form tendons of muscles and ligament and various fibrous membranes such as fascia and aponeuroses
Connective Tissue
This tissue play a role in defense mechanism and tissue repair.
Connective Tissue
These two structures are connective tissue varieties
Cartilage
Bone
These muscles types are voluntary, cylindrical long cell, perpherally located multiple nuclei
Skeletal muscle
These muscles types have transverse dark and light bands along their myofibril and give it a striated appearance
Skeletal Muscle
These muscles are involuntary, nucleus are single and centrally located also have a spindle shaped cell
Smooth muscle( Visceral)
This muscle type have striated appearance, involuntary movement, centrally located nuclei, intercalated discs at junction
Cardiac Muscle
These muscles cells are irregular in shape and form branching network
Cardiac Muscles
Every muscle have 3 part
Belly (fleshy)
Tendon
Origin and insertion
What is the disadvantage of muscles that attach close to the joint they act on
Loss mechanical advantage over the fulcrum (Joint)
What is the advantage of muscle that attached close to joint they act on
Gain in speed and range of movement
These connective tissue is stonger and tougher than muscle
Tendon
A small tendon can act on
Very large muscle
Tendon that are compressed against a bony surface are protected by
Cartilage
sesamoid bone
The power of a muscle depend on
Number of fiber
Diameter of fiber
The Two catalogy of muscles are
Longitudinal muscle
pennate (feather-like) muscle
This catalogy of muscle produce greater range of motion
Longitudinal Muscle
This catalogy of muscle produce smaller range of movement, but more powerful
Pennate muscle
A neurovascular bundle include
Blood vessels(Artery and vein)
Nerve
A muscle can be classify as
Prime Mover
Synegists
Antagonist
This classification causes a muscle to produce a desire movement
Prime Mover
This classification causes a muscle to aid a particular movement
Synergist
This classification causes a muscle to oppose a particular movement
Antagonist
Muscles are classify according to location as
Intrinic Muscle
Extrinic muscle
This classification of muscle have it orgin and insertion on the same part of the body
Intrinic musclee
This classification of a muscle have to travel from one part of the body to another part
Extrinic
This structure aid in lubrication the joints
Discs or Menisci
Nerves ending in joint are located in
Articular Capsule
Ligament
This law says nerves that suppy joint are the same nerve suppying the overlying skin
Hilton's Law
Main types of sensation in joints are
Proprioception
This sensation provide information concerning the movement and position of the body
Proprioception
Pain fibers are mainly find in
Capsule
Ligament
These movement are allow by the joints
Uniaxial Movement
Biaxial Movement
Multiaxial Movement
These Movement are produce by the joint
Flexion Medial rotation
Extension Lateral rotation
Abduction Medial circumductio
Adduction Lateral circumduct
Joints are classify according to their shape of articular surface
Plane Sellar (Saddle)
Hinge (ginglymi) Sheroidal(ball and socket)
pivot (trochoid) Bicondylar
ellipsoid
These structure associate with synovial membrane but are not part of synovial joint
Bursae
Tendon sheath
These two double layer synovial membrane are filled with synovial fluid and reduce friction
Bursae
Tendon Sheath
The five symptom of inflammation are
Tumor (Swelling)
Rubor (Redness)
Calor (Increase in Temp)
Dolor (Pain)
Functio Laesa (Loss of functio
Cornelius Celsus describe these imflammation symptom
Tumor
Rubor
Calor
Dolor
Virchow describe this inflammation symptom
Functio Laesa
This structure have a tensile strength and can be stretched without damage
Nerve
This dense inelastic membrane separate superficial fascia from underlying tissues and ensheats muscle
Deep Fascia
A anatomical position when the body lying horizontally with face downward
Prone
An anatomical position when the body is lying horizontally with face upward
Supine position
This membrane produce or secret a synovial fluid
Synovial Membrane
These are the distinguishing feather of synovial joint
Hyaline cartilage
Articular capsule
Synovial Membrane
Synovial fluid lubricate joint(can be defense mechanism and nourishment)
The term when suture fibrous joint is replace by bone
Synostoses
Skeleton bones are group into
Axial
Appendicular
The name of a synovial joint
Diarthroses
Bone united by cartilage are called
Cartilaginous joint or Amphiarthroses
These are cartilaginous joints
Synchondroses
Symphyses
Joint where bones connected by fibrous connective tissue
Fibrous Joint
These are fibrous joint
Suture
Syndesmoses
Another name for fibrous joint
Synarthroses
A fibrous joint with minimum fibrous tissue
Suture
A fibrous joint with large fibrous tissue
Syndesmoses