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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the study of the regulation of change within organisms?
All Physiological change is mediated by?
The ability to markedly increase the rate of a chemical reaction without altering the equilibrium is ?
When two reactions are joined together with the transfer of energy it is called?
Reaction Coupling
Proteins provide a pathway for the transport of most molecules and all ions into and out of the cell is termed?
Proteins that form filaments and that glue cells to each other and their environment are termed?
Structure Proteins
Any Difference that regulates something is?
What is the physical and chemical events or reactions?
What is the maintenance of a stable internal environment?
Groups of cells form?
Groups of Tissues form?
Organs with specialized functions
What do a group of organs that function closely together comprise?
Organ Systems
Organ systems make up an ?
Name the 3 major cavities of the body?
Cranial, Thoracic,and Abdominal viscera
Refers to the membrane attached to the wall of a cavity?
A membrane that lines the walls of the right and left thoracic compartments (contains the lungs)
Parietal Pleura
The membrane attached or covering an organ?
Membrane that covers the lungs?
Visceral Pleura
Membrane that surrounds the heart?
Pericardial Membrane
What is the potential space between the Pleura Parietal and Visceral membranes called?
Pleural Cavity
What is the outermost visceral pericardium that covers the hearts surface?
What is the potential space between the epicardium and the pericardium termed?
Pericardial Cavity
The lining of membranes of the abdominopelvic cavity
Peritoneal membranes
Membrane that lines the walls of the abdominopelvic region
Parietal Peritoneum
Membrane that covers each organ in the abdominal cavity
Visceral Peritoneum
What is the potential space between the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum called?
Peritoneal Cavity
The system that includes all glands that secrete chemical messengers.
Endocrine System
Molecules that act as catalysts in living systems. They speed up specific chemical reactions w/out being consumed in the process.
The ability to increase the rate of a chemical reaction w/out altering the equilibrium of the reaction is ?
When two reactions are joined together w/ the transfer of energy.
Reaction Coupling
Proteins that provide a pathway for molecules to get into and out of a cell are termed?
Transport Proteins
What is the process by which molecules move from regions where they are in higher concentrations to lower concentrations called?
Process by which water molecules diffuse from higher water concentration to an area of lower water concentration is called?
Process that forces molecules through membranes is termed?
When particles move from a lower concentration to a higher concentration?
Active Transport
Taking small molecules and making more complex molecules is called?
Process that breaks larger molecules into smaller molecules is ?
What do cells of similar type make up?
Epithelium that lines the pleural, pericardial, and abdominal cavities?
Epithelium that lines the blood and lymphatic system?
A cell or a group of cells that have the ability to manufacture and discharge a secretion is a ?
Gland without ducts that secrete hormones into the bloodstream or the lymphatic system where they are carried to to regions of the body are called?
Endocrine Glands
These glands have ducts and are more common. They discharge secretions directly into local areas. Secretion do not normally enter circulation they are called what?
Exocrine Glands
An increase in the size of a cell or organ beyond normal is?
An increase in the size of a structure because of an increase in the # of cells is called?
A decrease in size from the norm. is?
The failure of a tissue or organ to develop is?
An incomplete dev. or defective dev. of a tissue or organ.
The process of taking dissolved materials into the substance of the cell is?
When material is engulfed by the cell. Eating cells called?
Process by which cells can take in fluid. "Drinking by the Cell" is called?
Refers to the utilization of nutrients by the cell is called?
Three classifications of Epithelium?
1. # of cells
2. Shape of cells
3. Presence of specializations
Connective Tissue is composed of 3 components what are they?
1. Extracellular fibers
2. ground substance: liquid,gel,solid
3. cells: fixed/wandering