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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
At what level of structural organization are atoms & molecules?
Chemical
One characteristic of living this is responsiveness. This term is defined as:_________
The ability to react to a stimulus
Which of the following is NOT part of the feedback system?

control center, nutrient, receptor, effector
Nutrient
The Supply of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide in the lungs is a function of the ________system.
Respiratory system
In a negative feedback system, when blood pressure increases slightly, the body will respond by causing a numberof changes which tend to
Lower blood pressure
What system of the body primarly control homeostatis?
Nervous & endocrine
The formula H2O means?
a molecule contains 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom
One of the most important and most abundant inorganic compounds in the body is?
Water
The energy of motion is?
Mechanical (kinetic) energy
Building blocks of proteins are?
Amino Acids
The basic unit of the structure and function of any living organism is the _____
Cell
Which of the following is a function of the ribosomes in rough ER?

Produce steriods, package hydrolytic enzymes, store calcuim, or synthesis of protein
Synthesis of protein
Which of the following processes do not require use of cellular energy?

Phagocytosis, pinocytosis, solute pumps, or diffusion
Diffusion
Mitochondria are called the "powerhouse" of the cell becuase their main function is______.
Generating ATP
The movement of water across a selectively permeable membrane is specifically called_______.
Osmosis
Most of the moleecules that make up the plasma membrane are______.
Phospholipids
Chemically, the cytosol is mostly by percent_____.
Water
The study of structures that can be examined w/out the use of a microscope is called____.
Gross anatomy
The stomacjh is at the _____ level of structural organization.
Organ level
The element that is found in every organic molecule is ___.
Carbon
The substance______ is a constituent of all cell membranes, and is s precursor of bile salts, vitiamin D, and steroid hormones.
Cholesterol (steroids)
The scientific word for "cell drinking" is_____.
Endocytosis (Fluid Phase)
Water and some solutes move across the plasma membrane by hydrostatic pressure iin the process of _________.
Filtration
True/False

In a feedback system a response ultimately results from the reception of a stimulus.
True
True/False

Homeostasis is regulated by the nervous and endocrine systems through feedback loops.
True
True/False

Epithelial cells from the inner lining of the stomach.
True
True/False

Steroids are a type of lipid.
True
True/False

A charged atom is an ion.
True
True/False

Cholesterol is a type of lipid and is found in the plasma membrane.
True
True/False

The science that deals with the study of tissues is called histology.
True
Word Roots

Bio
Life
Word Roots

Cephal/o
Head
Word Roots

Chromo/o
Color
Word Roots

Cyto/o
Cell
Word Roots

Electr/o
Electricity
Word Roots

Home/o
Sameness/unchanging/constant
Word Roots

Nucle/o
Nucleus
Word Roots

Path/o
Disease
Word Roots

Physi/o
Nature, function
Word Roots

Phag/o
Eat, swallow
Word Roots

Viscer/o
Organ
Word Prefix

Anter/o
Front
Word Prefix

Dist/o
Far/distant
Word Prefix

Endo
In/within
Word Prefix

Epi
Above/upon/on
Word Prefix

Ex
Out, out of
Word Prefix

Hyper
Excessive, above
Word Prefix

Hypo
Deficient, below
Word Prefix

In
Into/in/not
Word Prefix

Inter
Between
Word Prefix

Later/o
Side
Word Prefix

Macro/o
Large
Word Prefix

Medi/o
Middle
Word Prefix

Micro
Small
Word Prefix

Poster/o
Back/behind
Word Prefix

Proxim/o
Nearest
Word Prefix

Sub
Below/under/less
Word Suffix

-ac
Pertaining to
Word Suffix

-al
Pertaining to
Word Suffix

-itis
Inflammation
Word Suffix

-ism
Process/condition
Word Suffix

-lysis
Breakdown/separation/loosening
Word Suffix

-opsy
To view
Word Suffix

-osis
Condition, usually abnormal
Word Suffix

-pathy
Disease condition
Word Suffix

-scope
Instrument to visually examine
Word Suffix

-sis
State of
Word Suffix

-statis
Stopping/controlling