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29 Cards in this Set

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What hormone(s)stimulate the development of mammary glands?
estrogen, progesterone
How many ligaments anchor the uterus in place?
8
What hormone(s)do the ovaries secrete?
estrogen, progesterone
Following childbirth and the expulsion of the placenta, levels of placental hormones ___ and ___ fall rapidly, and the action of this hormone is no longer prohibited.
progesterone;lactogen;
prolactin
Colostrum contains more ___ and ___ but less ___ and ___ than mature breast milk.
minerals;protein;sugar;fat
Colostrum is rich in which immunoglobulin?
IgA
The ovarian cycle consists of what three phases?
follicular;ovulation;luteal
The endometrial cycle consists of what three phases?
proliferative;secretory;
menstrual
What is the initiator of the follicular phase?
hypothalamus
Increasing levels of which hormone are secreted from the maturing follicular cells induce proliferation of the endometrium and myometrium?
estrogen
This hormone stimulates the ovary to produce 5-20 immature follicles.
FSH
This hormone is responsible for affecting the final development and subsequent rupture of the mature follicle.
LH
Ovulation occurs on day ___ in a 28-day cycle.
14
What is the lifespan of an ovum?
24 hrs.
Ovulation takes place ___ days before menstruation.
14
At ovulation, a mature follicle ruptures in response to a surge of which hormone?
LH
The corpus luteum secretes which hormone(s)?
estrogen;progesterone
What hormone secreted by the corpus luteum causes the temperature of the body to rise within a day or two after ovulation has occurred?
progesterone
The proliferative phase starts with enlargement of the endometrial glands in response to the increasing amts. of which hormone(s)?
estrogen
Which hormone(s) dominates the secretory phase?
progesterone
Which hormone(s) is responsible for the thickening and increased vascularity of the endometrium?
progesterone
Which hormone(s) is responsible for the enlargement of the endometrial glands?
estrogen
What begis the end of one menstrual cycle and the start of a new one?
menstrual phase
Which hormone(s) induces the release of FSH and LH to assist with ovulation?
GnRH
Which hormone(s) is highest and most critical during the first week of the follicular phase?
FSH
Which hormone(s) is required for both the final maturation of preovulatory follicles and luteinization of the ruptured follicle?
LH
After ovulation, ___ levels drop sharply as ___ dominates. (Hint: hormones)
estrogen; progesterone
FACT:
The hallmark finding in endometriosis is the specific presence of nodular masses on the uterosacral ligaments, the posterior uterus, or the posterior cul-de-sac.
FACT:
The aim of therapy in endometriosis is to supress levels of estrogen and progesterone, which cause the endometrium to grow.