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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Superior
toward the head
Inferior
away from head
Anterior
nearer to or at the front of the body
posterior
nearer or or at the back of the body
medial
nearer to the midline of the body or a structure
lateral
farther from the midline of the body or a structure
Intermediate
between two structures
Proximal
nearer to the attachemento f a limb to the trunk of a structure; nearer to the point of orgin
Distal
farther from the limb
Superficial
near the surface of the body
Deep
away from the surface of the body
Anatomy
study of the structure and the relationship amoung the structure
Physiology
deals with the function of body parts
Structural Organization

Organisms-

Systems-

Organs-

Tissue-


4 types of cells-

cellular-

chemicals-
-all of the systems functioning together


-made of related organs with the same function
ex:digestive, circulator, muscular, nervous


-tissues joined together

-made up of a group of cells

-epithelial, muscle, connective, nervous


-made of molecules

-all chemical needed to maintain life
ex:C, H, O, N, Ca, K, Na
Metabolism
all chemical process that occurs in the body
catabolism
breakdown of large complex molecules to smaller simpler ones
ex: protein split into amino acids
Anabolism
uses the energy from catabolism to build the body's strucual or functional components
ex: syntesis of protein needed for muscle and bone
Responsiveness
ability to detect and respond to changes in the external environment
ex: nerves respond to electrical impulses
Movement
motion of whole body, individual organs or single cells
Growth
increase in size or number of cells
differentation
process where unspecialized cells become specialized
ex: eggs and sperm become an ovum
Reproduction
formation of new cells for growth, repair, or replacement or the production of a new individual