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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
chemical
cellular
tissue
organ
system
organismal
6 levels of structural organization
chemical level
atoms
(the smallest unit of matter that participate in chemical reactions)
and
molecules
(two or more atoms joined together)
cellular level
the basic structural and functional unit of an organism
smallest living unit in the human body
tissue level
groups of cells and the materials surrounding them that work together to perform a particular function
there are 4 basis types
organ level
structures that are composed of two or more different types of tissues;
have specific functions
usually have recognizable shapes
system level
consists of related organs with a common function
organismal level
largest organizational level

any living individual
all parts of the human body functioning together constitute the organism
non-invasive diagnostic techniques
used to assess certain aspects of body structure and function
1- inspection
2- palpation
3- auscultation
4- percussion
inspection
non-invasived diagnostic technique
examiner observes for any changes that deviate from normal
palpation

palp=gently touching
non-invasived diagnostic technique
examiner feels body surface with hands
auscultation

auscult=listening
non-invasived diagnostic technique
examiner listens to body sounds to evaluate
often uses a stethoscope to amplify sounds
percussion

percus=beat through
non-invasived diagnostic technique
examiner taps on the body surface with the fingertips and listens to the resulting echo
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscular tissue
nervous tissue
four basic types of tissue