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81 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Left
To the left of the body

The stomach is to the left of the liver
right
To the right of the body or structure being studied

the right kidney is damaged
Lateral
Toward the side; away from the midsagitall plane

The eyes are lateral to the nose
Medial
Toward the midsagittal plane; away from the side

the eyes are medial to the ears
Anterior
toward the front of the body

the nose is on the anterior of the head
Posterior
toward the back(rear)

The heel is posterior to the head
Superior
Toward the top of the body

The shoulders are superior to the hips
Inferior
Toward the bottom of the body

The stomach is inferior to the heart
Dorsal
Along (or toward) the vertebral surface of the body

her scar is along the dorsal surface
Ventral
Along (toward) the belly surface of the body

The naval is on the ventral surface
Cuadad (cuadal)
Toward the tail

the neck is cuadad to the skull
Cephalad
Toward the head

The neck is cephalad to the tail
Proximal
Toward the trunk (describes relative position in a limb or other appendage

The joint is proximal to the toenail
Distal
Away from the trunk or point of attachment

The hand is distal to the elbow
Visceral
Toward an internal organ; away from the outer wall (describes positions inside a body cavity)

This organ is covered with the visceral layer of the membrane
Parietal
Toward the wall; away from the internal structures

The abdominal cavity is lined with the parietal peritoneal membrane
Deep
Toward the inside of a part; away from the surface

The thigh muscles are deep to the skin
Superficial
Toward the surface of a part; away from the inside

The skin is a superficial organ
Medullary
Refers to an inner region, or medulla

The medullary portion of the organ contains nerve tissue
Cortical
Refers to an outer region or cortex

The cortical area produces hormones
Terms related to organs Lumen
Many organs of the body are hollow, The hollow are of these organs is called lumen.
Terms related to organs: centra
near the center.
Terms related to organs: peripheral
around the boundary.
Terms related to organs: Medullary
Refers to an inner region of an organ.
Terms related to organs: cortical
refers to an outer region or layer of an organ.
Terms related to organs: basal
Refers to the base or widest part of an organ.
Terms related to organs: apical
Refers to the narrow tip of an organ.
Thoracic (tho-RAS-ik)
chest
Temporal (TEM-por-al)
Side of skull
Tarsal (TAR-sal)
Ankle
Sural (SUR-al)
calf
Supraclavicular (soo-pra-cla-VIK-yoo-lar)
Area above clavicle
Pubic (PYOO-bik)
Pubis
Popliteal (pop-li-TEE-al)
Area behind knee
Pollex (POL-ex)
Thumb
Plantar (PLAN-tar)
Sole of foot
Perineal (pair-i-NEE-al)
Area (perineum) between anus and genitals
Pelvic (PEL-vik)
Lower portion of torso
Pedal (PED-al)
Foot
Patellar (pa-TELL-er)
Front of knee
Palmar (PAHL-mar)
Palm of hand
Otic (O-tick)
Ear
Abdominal (ab-DOM-in-al)
Anterior torso below diaphragm
Acromial (ah-KRO-mee-al)
Shoulder
Antebrachial (an-tee-BRAY-kee-al)
Forearm
Antecubital (an-tee-KYOO-bi-tal)
Depressed area just in front of elbow
Axillary (AK-si-lair-ee)
Armpit (axilla)
Brachial (BRAY-kee-al)
Upper part of arm
Buccal (BUK-al)
Cheek (inside)
Calcaneal (cal-CANE-ee-al)
Heel of foot
Carpal (KAR-pal)
Wrist
Cephalic (se-FAL-ik)
Head
Cervical (SER-vi-kal)
Neck
Coxal (COX-al)
Hip
Cranial (KRAY-nee-al)
Skull
Crural (KROOR-al)
Leg
Cubital (KYOO-bi-tal)
Elbow
Cutaneous (kyoo-TANE-ee-us)
Skin (or body surface)
Digital (DIJ-i-tal)
Fingers or toes
Facial (FAY-shal)
Face
Dorsal (DOR-sal)
Back or top
Femoral (FEM-or-al)
Thigh
Frontal (FRON-tal)
Forehead
Gluteal (GLOO-tee-al)
Buttock
Hallux (HAL-luks)
Great toe
Inguinal (ING-gwi-nal)
Groin
Lumbar (LUM-bar)
Lower part of back between ribs and pelvis
Mammary (MAM-er-ee)
Breast
Manual (MAN-yoo-al)
Hand
Mental (MEN-tal)
Chin
Nasal (NAY-zal
Nose
Navel (NAY-val)
Area around navel, or umbilicus
Occipital (ok-SIP-i-tal)
Back of lower part of skull
Olecranal (o-LECK-ra-nal)
Back of elbow
Orbital or ophthalmic (OR-bi-tal or op-THAL-mik)
Eyes
Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomical Positions
Latin & English parts of the body
Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomical Positions
Latin & English parts of the body
Anaotmy & Physiology
Chapter 3
Anatomy of Cells
Anaotmy & Physiology
Chapter 3
Anatomy of Cells
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 1
Organization of the Body
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 1
Organization of the Body
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 2
The Chemical Basis of Life
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 2
The Chemical Basis of Life
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 4
Physiology of Cells
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 4
Physiology of Cells
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 5
Tissues
Anatomy & Physiology
Chapter 5
Tissues