Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/93

Click to flip

93 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1 . An insufficient secretion of thyroxin is characterized by all of the following symptoms EXCEPT

a. weight gain
b. fatigue
c. profuse sweating
d. slowed heart rate
c. profuse sweating
2 . The conversion of mechanical impulses (sound waves) to neural impulses that can be interpreted by the brain is a function of the

a. endolymph
b. semicircular canals
c. organ of Corti
d. fenestra ovalis
c. organ of Corti
3 . The physical and chemical breakdown of the food we eat is called

a. digestion
b. metabolism
c. anabolism
d. catabolism
a. digestion
4 . A decreased red blood cell (RBC) count could be the result of a medical condition affecting the

a. compact bone
b. periosteum
c. yellow marrow
d. red marrow
d. red marrow
5 . Which of the following diseases is characterized by a deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone?

a. Myxedema
b. Diabetes insipidus
c. Hyperthyroidism
d. Addison's disease
b. Diabetes insipidus
6 . Receives sensory input from the face

a. Facial
b. Trigeminal
c. Hypoglossal
d. Accessory
b. Trigeminal
7 . The functional unit of the kidney is called the

a. nephron
b. Malpighian body
c. glomerulus
d. loop of Henle
a. nephron
8 . The venous system that carries digested materials from the intestinal tract is called the

a. portal
b. pulmonary
c. abdominal
d. pelvic
c. abdominal
9 . If a generally sedentary person in less than good physical condition enters a marathon with intent to complete the race, which of the following outcomes can he/she be expected to encounter?

a. If the day is cool, there will be no significant risk
b. Any physical deficiency can be overcome with a carbohydrate-rich diet before the race
c. If stretching exercises are performed before the race, he/she will be ok
d. He/she runs the risk of muscle damage
d. He/she runs the risk of muscle damage
10 . The space through which a nerve impulse passes from one neuron to another is called a/an

a. myelin sheath
b. synapse
c. axon
d. ganglion
b. synapse
11 . The overproduction of which hormone leads to acromegaly?

a. Somatotropin
b. Oxytocin
c. Gonadotropin
d. Thyroxin
a. Somatotropin
12 . A metabolic response to epinephrine includes which, if any, of the symptoms listed below?

a. Decreased heart rate
b. Increased blood pressure
c. Respiratory distress
d. None of the above
b. Increased blood pressure
13 . Windpipe is another term for

a. nares
b. larynx
c. trachea
d. pharynx
c. trachea
14 . That portion of a cell containing all the genetic material important in the cell's reproduction is called the

a. plasma membrane
b. nucleus
c. cytoplasm
d. reticulated endothelium
b. nucleus
15 . The bones of the wrist are classified as which of the following bones?

a. Long
b. Short
c. Flat
d. Irregular
b. Short
16 . The valves of the heart include all of the following EXCEPT

a. atrial
b. mitral
c. tricuspid
d. pulmonary
a. atrial
17 . The primary function of the muscles includes all of the following EXCEPT

a. providing heat during activity
b. maintaining body posture
c. producing red blood cells
d. providing movement
c. producing red blood cells
18 . When the body is in the anatomical position, the thumbs point

a. medially
b. laterally
c. anteriorly
d. posteriorly
b. laterally
19 . Actin and myosin are the two protein substances involved in

a. muscle recovery
b. muscle nourishment
c. muscle contraction
d. rigor mortis
c. muscle contraction
20 . The prominences easily felt on the inner and outer aspects of the ankle are called

a. medial and lateral malleolus
b. medial and lateral condyles
c. greater and lesser tuberosities
d. greater and lesser trochanters
a. medial and lateral malleolus
21 . Intramuscular injections are usually given in which of the following muscles?

a. Quadriceps
b. Sartorius
c. Gastrocnemius
d. Gluteus maximus
d. Gluteus maximus
22 . Electrolyte balance is a function of the hormone produced by the

a. posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
b. anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
c. cortex of the adrenal gland
d. medulla of the adrenal gland
c. cortex of the adrenal gland
23 . The impulse receptors of a nerve are called

a. dendrites
b. Schwann cells
c. ganglia
d. neurons
a. dendrites
24 . The upper three ribs on each side are known as which of the following types of ribs?

a. TRUE
b. FALSE
c. Floating
d. Sternal
a. TRUE
25 . What hormone is produced by the alpha cells of the islands of Langerhans in the pancreas?

a. Glucagon
b. Insulin
c. Norepinephrine
d. Androgens
a. Glucagon
26 . Bones that develop within a tendon are known as which of the following?

a. Condyloid
b. Sesamoid
c. Vermiform
d. Falsiform
b. Sesamoid
27 . The cornea is part of the protective outer layer of the eye called the

a. sclera
b. conjunctiva
c. choroid
d. crystalline body
a. sclera
28 . The appendicular skeleton is composed of the bones of the

a. skull and vertebral column
b. thorax and vertebral column
c. pelvis and thorax
d. upper and lower extremities
d. upper and lower extremities
29 . The act of straightening a limb is known as

a. flexion
b. extension
c. abduction
d. adduction
b. extension
30 . Bones of the cranium include which of the following?

a. Maxilla
b. Occipital
c. Atlas and axis
d. All of the above
b. Occipital
----------------------------------------------
31 . The total blood volume in the average adult is in what ranges?

a. 3 to 4 liters
b. 4 to 5 liters
c. 5 to 6 liters
d. 6 to 7 liters
c. 5 to 6 liters
32 . Blood concentration varies due to which, if any, of the following factors?

a. Temperature
b. Water intake
c. State of health
d. None of the above
d. None of the above
33 . Vision

a. Sympathetic
b. Central
c. Peripheral
d. Parasympathetic
c. Peripheral
34 . Hormones secreted by the endocrine system are

a. secreted directly into the gland, tissue, or organ it influences
b. directed to the gland, tissue, organ by a duct system
c. secreted into the circulatory system
d. typically produced in large quantities
c. secreted into the circulatory system
35 . A person lying on his/her back is in what position?

a. Prone
b. Erect
c. Supine
d. Lateral recumbent
c. Supine
36 . Absorption of food occurs predominantly in which of the following areas of the intestines?

a. Duodenum
b. Jejunum
c. Ileum
d. Cecum
c. Ileum
37 . The pairs of cranial and pairs of spinal nerves form what nervous system?

a. Peripheral
b. Central
c. Autonomic
d. Sympathetic
a. Peripheral
38 . The gallbladder performs which of the following purposes?

a. Stimulates the production of insulin
b. Stores bile
c. Metabolizes sugars
d. Produces antibodies
b. Stores bile
39 . What structure(s) of the inner ear provide(s) neural stimuli used to maintain equilibrium?

a. Fenestra rotunda
b. Fenestra ovalis
c. Semicircular canals
d. Organ of Corti
c. Semicircular canals
40 . The primary muscle of respiration is known as the

a. pleura
b. alveolus
c. diaphragm
d. mediastinum
c. diaphragm
41 . A nerve cell, or neuron, is composed of all of the following EXCEPT a/an

a. synapse
b. axon
c. cyton
d. dendrite
a. synapse
42 . Because this tissue is continuous throughout the body, if an infection were allowed to spread, it could reach every area of the body by moving through which of the following tissues?

a. Areolar
b. Adipose
c. Osseous
d. Fibrous
a. Areolar
43 . By what process is three-dimensional vision produced?

a. Accommodation
b. Convergence
c. Refraction
d. Stimulation
b. Convergence
44 . Which of the following is/are (a) function(s) of the kidneys?

a. To maintain acid-base balance
b. To remove certain toxic substances
c. To remove excess sugar
d. All the above
d. All the above
45 . Moving an extremity away from the body is called:

a. flexion
b. extension
c. abduction
d. adduction
c. abduction
46 . Of the organs listed below, which function as the accessory organs of digestion for the small intestines?

a. Pancreas, liver, villae
b. Spleen, liver, gallbladder
c. Pancreas, pylorus, spleen
d. Pancreas, liver, gallbladder
d. Pancreas, liver, gallbladder
47 . Balance, coordination of movement, and harmony of motion are functions of what part of the brain?

a. Cerebral cortex
b. Cerebellum
c. Pons
d. Temporal lobe
b. Cerebellum
48 . In addition to preventing excessive blood loss, the formation of a blood clot serves which, if any, of the following purposes?

a. To convert fibrinogen into blood serum to aid healing
b. To form the foundation for new tissue growth
c. To manufacture leukocytes
d. None of the above
b. To form the foundation for new tissue growth
49 . Testosterone production is a function of which of the following glands?

a. Cowper's
b. Prostate
c. Testes
d. Bulbourethral
c. Testes
50 . Of the elements listed below, which makes seeing in the dark possible?

a. Rods
b. Cones
c. Iris
d. Choroid
a. Rods
51 . Fertilization of an ovum normally takes place in the

a. ovaries
b. fallopian tubes
c. uterus
d. vagina
b. fallopian tubes
52 . In what part of the body is cerebral spinal fluid produced?

a. Ventricles of the brain
b. Spinal cord
c. Meninges
d. Medulla oblongata
a. Ventricles of the brain
53 . What type of tissue is known as the lining tissue of the body?

a. Connective
b. Areolar
c. Sebaceous
d. Epithelial
d. Epithelial
54 . Calcium levels in the blood are controlled by which of the following hormones?

a. Thyroxin
b. Vasopressin
c. Oxytocin
d. Parathormone
d. Parathormone
55 . Dilation of the pupil, a muscular response of the iris, normally occurs as a result of what?

a. Increased intensity of light
b. Decrease intensity of light
c. Irritation to the sclera
d. Irritation to the conjunctiva
b. Decrease intensity of light
56 . Which of the following are the two most prominent mineral elements of bone?

a. Ossein and calcium
b. Phosphorus and calcium
c. Sodium and phosphorus
d. Periosteum and ossein
b. Phosphorus and calcium
57 . Transmits sensation of taste

a. Facial
b. Trigeminal
c. Hypoglossal
d. Accessory
a. Facial
58 . The secretion of digestive fluids and the absorption of digested foods and liquids is the chief function of which tissue?

a. Columnar
b. Osseus
c. Sercus
d. Squamous
a. Columnar
59 . Reflex arc

a. Sympathetic
b. Central
c. Peripheral
d. Parasympathetic
b. Central
60 . Oxygenated blood is carried by which of the following vein(s)?

a. Inferior vena cava
b. Superior vena cava
c. Portal
d. Pulmonary
d. Pulmonary
61 . Lymph nodes participate in all of the following functions EXCEPT

a. manufacture of white blood cells
b. filtration of bacterial debris
c. production of hormones
d. collection of large protein molecules
a. manufacture of white blood cells
62 . The inner part of the eye derives its nourishment primarily from the vascular structure of what tissue?

a. Conjunctiva
b. Sclera
c. Vitreous humor
d. Choroid
d. Choroid
63 . The enzymatic action of amylase results in the chemical breakdown of

a. fats to fatty acids
b. starches to fats
c. starches to complex sugars
d. proteins to complex sugars
c. starches to complex sugars
64 . The transfer of fluids across the plasma membrane of a cell from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration is a process known as

a. infusion
b. diffusion
c. perfusion
d. osmosis
b. diffusion
65 . The meninges, membrane layers covering of the brain and spinal cord, are composed of all of the following EXCEPT the

a. dura mater
b. pia mater
c. arachnoid
d. foramen magnum
d. foramen magnum
66 . The autonomic nervous system is composed of two main divisions: the

a. pons and medulla oblongata
b. voluntary and involuntary systems
c. sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
d. cerebrum and cerebellum
c. sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
67 . The contraction phase of the heart is

a. systole
b. tension
c. diastole
d. active
a. systole
68 . Controls the muscles of the tongue

a. Facial
b. Trigeminal
c. Hypoglossal
d. Accessory
c. Hypoglossal
69 . The mechanical transmission of sound from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear is a function of which of the following?

a. Auditory ossicles
b. Eustachian tube
c. Bony labyrinth
d. Organ of Corti
a. Auditory ossicles
70 . Circulation and respiration are controlled primarily from what area of the brain?

a. Medulla oblongata
b. Pons
c. Cerebellum
d. Cerebrum
a. Medulla oblongata
71 . Increased heart rate

a. Sympathetic
b. Central
c. Peripheral
d. Parasympathetic
a. Sympathetic
72 . Blood of the average female adult contains (a) how many million RBCs per (b) what unit?

a. (a) 4.5 (b) mm 3
b. (a) 6.0 (b) cm 3
c. (a) 4.5 (b) 1
d. (a) 4.5 (b) low power field
a. (a) 4.5 (b) mm 3
73 . The body's primary thermo-regulatory action is a function of dilating and contracting blood vessels and the

a. stratum germinativum
b. sweat glands
c. sebaceous glands
d. melanin
b. sweat glands
74 . Which of the following is/are considered the primary female reproductive organs?

a. Ovaries
b. Fallopian tubes
c. Uterus
d. Endometrium
a. Ovaries
75 . Conservation and restoration of energy are the result of nerve impulses arising from which, if any, of the following nervous systems?

a. Sympathetic
b. Parasympathetic
c. Voluntary
d. None of the above
b. Parasympathetic
76 . Intramuscular injections are frequently given in which of the following muscles?

a. Trapezius
b. Pectoralis majoris
c. Deltoid
d. All of the above
c. Deltoid
77 . Homeostasis is defined as

a. control of bleeding
b. absorption, storage, and use of food products
c. self-regulated control of the body's internal environment
d. the power of voluntary movement
c. self-regulated control of the body's internal environment
78 . The innominate bone is composed of three parts that are united in adults to form a cuplike structure called the

a. glenoid fossa
b. acetabulum
c. symphysis pubis
d. obturator foramen
b. acetabulum
79 . The ability of muscles to regain their original form when stretched is known as

a. contractiblity
b. elasticity
c. extensibility
d. tonicity
b. elasticity
80 . In an accident victim suffering from a fibrinogen deficiency, the rescuer may have difficulty performing which of the actions listed below?

a. Controlling hemorrhage
b. Immobilizing a fracture
c. Supporting respiratory function
d. Reducing a dislocation
a. Controlling hemorrhage
81 . Of the following nerves, which, if any, controls the larynx during the process of breathing?

a. Phrenic
b. Intercostal
c. Vagus
d. None of the above
c. Vagus
82 . Which of the following properties describes the ability of muscles to respond to a stimulus?

a. Contractility
b. Irritability
c. Extensibility
d. Tonicity
b. Irritability
83 . What is the approximate total capacity of the adult bladder?

a. 250 ml
b. 300 ml
c. 600 ml
d. 750 ml
c. 600 ml
84 . The head of the humerus is called the

a. scapula
b. acetabulum
c. glenoid fossa
d. epicondyle
c. glenoid fossa
85 . Decreases heart rate to normal

a. Sympathetic
b. Central
c. Peripheral
d. Parasympathetic
d. Parasympathetic
86 . The pulse pressure is the difference between which of the following measurements?

a. Venous and arterial pressure
b. Resting and active pulse rate
c. Arterial and ventricular pressure
d. Systole and diastole
d. Systole and diastole
87 . A white blood cell (WBC) count of 18,000 may indicate what condition?

a. Leukocytosis
b. Normalcy
c. Infection
d. Vetiligo
c. Infection
88. Outer Layer of the eye, tough, fibrous, protective portion of the globe commonly called white of the eye:

a. sclera
b. conjunctiva
c. vitreous humor
d. choroid
a. sclera
89. The sclera is covered with a mucous membrane, a continuation of the inner lining of the eyelids called:

a. sclera
b. conjunctiva
c. vitreous humor
d. choroid
b. conjunctiva
90. Helps maintain sufficient pressure inside the eye to prevent the eyeball from collapsing and has a consistency similar to soft gelatin:

a. sclera
b. conjunctiva
c. vitreous humor
d. choroid
c. vitreous humor
91. The area where two pubic bones meet and is often used in anatomical measurements:

a. glenoid fossa
b. acetabulum
c. symphysis pubis
d. obturator foramen
c. symphysis pubis
92. The largest foramen, or opening, located in the hip bone, between the ischium and pubis is called:

a. glenoid fossa
b. acetabulum
c. symphysis pubis
d. obturator foramen
d. obturator foramen
93. The bone is made up of inorganic mineral salts and an organic substance called:

a. ossein
b. calcium
c. phosphorus
d. mineral salts
a. ossein