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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abdominopelvic quadrants
1. Right Upper/Superior
2. Right Lower/Inferior
3. Left Upper/Superior
4. Left Lower/Inferior
Abdominopelvic Regions
1. Upper Abdominopelvic Region
Right hypochondriac region, epigastric region, left hypochondriac region
-lies above ninth rib cartilages
2. Middle Regions
Right lumbar region, umbilical region,left lumbar region
-lies between 9th rib cartilage and top of rib bone
3.Lower Regions
Right Iliac(inguinal),hypogastric,left iliac(inguinal)
-lies below top of hip bone
Anatomical Position
-Reference position for the body as a whole
-gives meaning to the directional terms used to describe the body
-body is erect(standing) w/ arms at sides and palms, head, feet, and face forward
Study of the Structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts
->derived from two Greek words translated-"a cutting up"
->anatomists learn about structure of the human body by cutting it apart
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes referred to as disuse atrophy
Abdominal Cavity
-Cavity which contains the liver, gallbladder, stomach, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, and parts of the large intestine
-Area between the diaphragm and hipbone
Cranial Cavity
Space inside the skull which contains the brain
Pelvic Cavity
The lower portion of the ventral cavity which contains the lower(sigmoid) colon, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs
pleural cavity
a subdivision of the thorax which contains the lungs
Spinal Cavity
the space inside the spinal column through which the spinal cord passes
Thoracic Cavity
Cavity which contains the mediastinum and pleural cavity
Control Center
the brain
-tries to keep everything in homeostasis
higher-towards the top of the body
ex.shoulders are superior to hips
towards the bottom of the body
ex.the stomach is inferior to the heart
towards the front of the body
ex. nose is on the anterior of the head
towards the back of the body
ex.the heel is posterior to the toes
along(towards)the belly surface of the body
ex. the navel is on the ventral surface
ex. the dogs belly
along or towards the vertebral surface of a body
ex. Dog's hair grows on the distal surface of it's body
toward the midsaggital plane
->away from sides
ex. eyes are medial to ears
towards the side; away from the midsaggital plane
ex. eyes are lateral to the nose
towards(or near) the trunk of the body or nearest to the point of origin of one of its parts
ex. the fingers are proximal to the wrist
away from the trunk or point of attachment
ex. the hand is distal to the elbow
near the surface
ex. skin is a superficial organ
farther from the surface
ex. the thigh muscles are deep to the skin
responding organ
ex. voluntary and involuntary muscle; the heart; and glands
Feedback COntrol loop
-a highly complex and integrated communication control network, classified as negative or positive
-negative feedback loops are the most important and numerous homeostatic control mechanisms