Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/100

Click to flip

100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State of equilibrium or balance. The human body constantly strives to maintain its internal env. in balance
Homeostasis
Sum of all the physical and chem reactions both the BUILDING UP and BREAKING DOWN necessary to sustain life
Metabolism
Constructive metabolism. taking simple compunds and making them into complex substances. EX: Creating hormones.
BUILDING UP
Anabolic
Destructive Metabolism. BREAKING DOWN complex substancdes into simple substances. Ex: Breaking down of glucose into carbon
Catabolic
Responsiveness
Excitability--> sense change
Movement
Food getting
Growth
^ # of cells
Differentiation
Stem Cells
Reproduction
Produce LIKE Individuals. Continuation of a species
Intestines are found in what cavity?
Abdominal
Urinary bladder is found in what cavity?
Pelvic
The Heart is found in what cavity?
Thoracic
Lungs are found in what cavity?
Thoracic
The Brain is found in what cavity?
Cranial
The Spinal Cord is found in what cavity?
Spinal
The Stomach is found in what cavity?
Abdominal Cavity
The liver is found in what cavity?
Abdominal Cavity
The Reproductive Organs are found in what cavity?
Pelvic
The kidneys are found in what cavity?
Abdominal Cavity
Fluid filled space that surrounds the heart
Pericardinal Cavity
Cavity which contains the Brain
Cranial Cavity
Cavity formed by the ribs, muscles of the chest, sternum and part of vert. column
Thoracic Cavity
Cavity that contains the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, sm. intestines, and most of lg intestines
Abdominal cavity
Fluid filled space that surrounds the lung
Pleural Cavity
Cavity that contains unrinary bladder, part of lg intestine and organs of reproduction system
Pelvic Cavity
Cavity that contains spinal cord
Vertebral cavity
Function of nervous System
Reg body activities through action potentials. Receive sensory info and interprets/responds to information
Funct of endocrine system
Reg body activity through hormones. Transports in blood and orgasn
Urinary System Function
Eliminate waste regulates volume and chem composition of blood
Cardiovascular system
Tranport Oxygen and nutrients to cell; protect against disease, carry waste away from cells
Muscular system funct
Powers mvts of body and stabilize body position
Respiratory system funct
Transfer oxygen and carbon diox. btwn air and blood
Digestive system function
Carry out physical and chem breaksown of food and absorption of nutrients
Function of Skeletal system
Suport/protect body; provied internal framework
Integumentary system fuct
Protect body by forming barrier to outside env. and help reg. body temp
Lymphatic system and immunity function
Protect against disease, returns fluids to the body
Funtion of Reproductive system
Produce gametes; releases hormones from the gonads
Eyes are ____ to your chin
Superior
Skin is _____ to your heart
Inferior
Your right shoulder is ___ and ___ from your umbilicus
Superior and Lateral
in the Anatomical position, your thumb is what?
Lateral
Your buttox are what?
Posterior
Your Rt foot and Rt hand are what?
Ipsilateral
Your knee is ___ btwn your thigh and toes
Intermediate
Your lungs are ___ to your spinal column
Anterior
Your breast bone is ___ to your chin
Inferior
Your calf is ___ to your heel
Proximal
Def. Superior
Top (toward the head); Above
Def. Inferior
Below
Def. Anterior
Front
Def. Posterior
Back
Dorsal is the same as
Back
Ventral is the same as
Front
Ipsilateral
Same side
Contralateral
Opposite side
Superficial
On surface
Deep
Underneath
Medial
middle
Sections: Sagittal
Cut into left and right halves
Mid sagittal
Cut into EQUAL R and L halves
Parasagittal
Cut into UNEQUAL R and L halves
Frontal
Cut into Anterior and posterior halves
Transverse
Cut into top and bottom
Oblique
Cut into all diff angles
Parietal
On wall of cavity
visceral
on organ
Four Regions of the body...starting at the umbilical
Right upper quadrant RUQ
Lower upper quadrant LUQ
Right lower quadrant RLQ
Left lower quadrant LLQ
More technical Regions
RT Hypochond Epi Gastric Lt Hypochond.
Rt Lumbar Umbilical Lt Lumbar
Rt inguinal Hypo Gastric pubic, Lt Inguinal Iliac
Plane that seperates body into unequal right and left sides?
Parasagittal plane
Midway through a 5 mile work out a runner begins to sweat prefusly the sweat glans producing the sweat would be concidered what part of feedback loop
Effectors
Unspecialized stem cell becomes a brain cell during fetal dev. this is ex of what
Growth
rediography tech. needs to x ray a growth on the urinary bladder to accomplish this the camera must be positioned on what region
Hypogastric
which of the following will not be associated w/the thoracic cavity?
Pericardium, Mediastimum, Peritoneum, Pleura
Peritoneum
Axillary
Armpit
inguinal
Groin
Cervial
Neck
Cranial
skullq
oral
mouth
Brachial
arm
orbital
eye
gluteal
buttox
buccal
cheek
coxal
hip
the sum of all of body's chem process is what?
metabolism
a group of similar cells and their surrounding materials performing spec. functions
tissue
fluid located within cells is the ___. The fluid located outside the cell is ___
Intercellular and extracellular
in a positive feedback system the response enhances or intesifies the origianal stimulus, true or false
true
a person lying face down would be in the supine position t or f?
false
highest level of structural organization is the system level? T or F
false
Integumentary syst. is made up of what
(Skin) Appendeges, fuction: regulate body temp, protects and illiminate waste. Synthesises of vita d and receives stiuli
Skeletal system
Bones, cartilage, joints, function: support/protect, movement. Stores minerals
Muscular system
All muscles, smooth cardiac, and skeletion. Mvt posture and heat
Nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves senses, physical regulat body activity
endocrine system
ductless glands chem regulators of body activity due to hormones
Cardiovascular system
heart, vessels, blood function: co2 o2 food transport, maintain acid/base balance, protect, reg body temp and prevent hemmorage
lymph
spleen, thymus, tonsils. Function: protect (immunity), transport fat filters
respiratory System
Lungs, Bronchials. Funct: supply/exchange
Digestive System
Physical/ chem breakdown of nutrients
urinary system
function: Reg. chem balance of blood h2O
reproductive system
continuation of species