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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dorsalis trunci
Origin: Transverse process of a vertebra and associated myosepta
Insertion: Transverse process of an adjacent vertebra and associated myosepta
Action: Flexes body laterally and dorsally during dorsoventral bending of the vertebral column
rectus abdominis
Origin: Anterior edge of the pubis
Insertion: Rectus cervicis
Action: Flexes the trunk ventrally
external oblique/internal oblique/transversus abdominis
Origin: Transverse processes of vertebrae
Insertion: Connective tissue of rectus abdominis
Action: Compresses the viscera and aids in locomotion
adductor mandibulae anterior/externus
Origin: Frontal and parietal bones/Parietal
Insertion: Dentary
Action: Elevates the lower jaw (closes the mouth)
depressor mandibulae
Origin: Squamosal and parietal bones
Insertion: Angular
Action: Depresses lower jaw (opens the mouth)
branchiohyoideus
Origin: Ceratobranchial of visceral arch III
Insertion: Ceratohyal (visceral arch II)
Action: Retracts the hyoid apparatus
levatores arcuum
Origin: Fascia of the dorsalis trunci
Insertion: Epibranchial cartilages
Action: Gill elevators
dilator laryngis
Origin: Fascia of the dorsalis trunci
Insertion: Cartilages of the larynx
Action: Expands the larynx
intermandibularis
Origin: Mandible
Insertion: Median raphe
Action: Elevates throat
interhyoideus/sphincter colli
Origin: Fascia of the depressor mandibulae and the branchiohyoideus
Insertion: Median raphe
Action: Elevates throat
geniohyoideus
Origin: Mandibular symphysis
Insertion: Second basibranchial cartilage
Action: Depress lower jaw and pulls hyoid apparatus anteriorly
genioglossus
Origin: On the mandible dorsal to the geniohyoid
Insertion: Tongue
Action: Moves tongue
rectus cervicis
Origin: Rectus abdominis
Insertion: Branchial cartilages
Action: Retracts hyoid and gill apparatus; depresses the head
subarcuales
Origin: Hyoid arch, visceral arch III, IV
Insertion: Visceral arch III, IV, and IV
Action: Adduction of gills
transversi ventrales
Origin: Rectus cervicis
Insertion: Cartilage of visceral arch V
Action: Pulls gills ventromedially
depressores arcuum
Origin: From visceral arches III-V
Insertion: Base of the gills
Action: Depresses the gills
omoarcual
Origin: Rectus cervicis
Insertion: Junction of procoracoid process with coracoid plate
Action: Draws shoulder anteriorly
procoracohumeralis
Origin: Lateral surface of the procoracoid
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Pulls humerus anteriorly
supracoracoideus
Origin: Coracoid cartilage
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Adducts humerus
pectoralis
Origin: Linea alba
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Adducts humerus
pectoriscapularis
Origin: Epibranchial cartilage
Insertion: Scapula
Action: Pulls scapula anteriorly
cucullaris
Origin: Fascia of the dorsalis trunci
Insertion: Scapula near shoulder joint
Action: Pulls scapula anteriodorsally
dorsalis scapulae
Origin: Suprascapular cartilage
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Pulls humerus anteriorly
latissimus dorsi
Origin: Fascia of dorsalis trunci
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Retracts pectoral limb
levator scapulae
Origin: Posterior region of the skull
Insertion: Anterior border of the suprascapula
Action: Pulls scapula anteriorly
triceps brachii
Origin: Three heads from the coracoid, scapula, and humerus
Insertion: Ulna
Action: Extension of the forearm
coracobrachialis
Origin: Coracoid process
Insertion: Humerus
Action: Adducts the forelimb
humeroantebrachialis
Origin: Humerus
Insertion: Radius
Action: Flexes the forearm
puboischiofemoralis externus
Origin: Ventral surface of the puboischiadic plate
Insertion: Femur
Action: Adducts the hindlimb
puboischiotibialis
Origin: Ventral surface of the puboischiadic plate
Insertion: Tibia
Action: Adducts the hindlimb
ischiofemoralis
Origin: Ischium
Insertion: Femur
Action: Retracts femur
puboischiofemoralis internus
Origin: Dorsal surface of puboischiadic plate
Insertion: Femur
Action: Pulls hindlimb anteriorly
pubotibialis
Origin: Pubis
Insertion: Tibia
Action: Adducts the hindlimb
ischioflexorius
Origin: Ischium
Insertion: Fascia of the shank
Action: Flexes shank and foot
caudofemoralis
Origin: Caudal vertebrae
Insertion: Femur
Action: Retraction of the thigh
iliotibialis
Origin: Ilium
Insertion: Tibia
Action: Abducts the hindlimb
ilioextensorius
Origin: Ilium
Insertion: Tibia
Action: Extends the shank