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108 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ORIGIN
Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
ligamentun nuchae, spinous processes of vertebre C7-T6 occipital bone (capitus), spinous processes of vertebrae T3-6
INSERTION
Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
Mastoid Process of temporal and occipital bone (capitus), transverse processes of C1-C4 vertebrae (cervicis)
INNERVATION
Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
Dorsal Rami of Cervical Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Splenius Capitis & Cervicis
Extend, Laterally Rotate, Laterally Flex Head
ORIGIN
Illiocostalis
Illiac Crests (lumborum); inferior 6 ribs (thoracis), ribs 3 to 6 (cervicis)
INSERTION
Illiocostalis
Angles of Ribs (lumborum & thoracis), transverse processes of cervical vertebrae C6-C4 (cervicis)
INNERVATION
Illiocostalis
(Dorsal Rami) Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Illiocostalis
Extend Vertebral Column; Act on one side (Bend vertebral column to SAME SIDE)
ORIGIN
Longissimus
Transverse processes of lumbar through cervical vertebrae
INSERTION
Longissimus
Transverse processes of thoracic through cervical vertebrae and to ribs superior to origin.
INNERVATION
Longissimus
(Dorsal Rami) spinal nerves
ACTION
Longissimus
Thoracics and cervices act together to extend vertebral column; acting on one side, bend laterally. Capitus extends head, and turns face toward same side.
ORIGIN
Spinalis
Spines of lumbar and thoracic lower vertebrae
INSERTION
Spinalis
Spines of upper thoracic and cervical vertebrae
INNERVATION
Spinalis
(Dorsal Rami) Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Spinalis
Extends Vertebral Column
ORIGIN
Semispinalis
Transverse processes of C7-C12
INSERTION
Semispinalis
Occipital bone (capitis); spinous processes of cervical (cervicis) and thoracic vertebrae T1-T4 (thoracis); (~6 Vertebrae above)
INNERVATION
Semispinalis
Dorsal Rami of Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Semispinalis
Bilaterally extends head and spine; unilaterally rotates head and neck to opposite side
ORIGIN
Multifidus
Posterior sacrum, L1-5 mamillary processes, T1-12 transverse processes, C4-7 articular processes
INSERTION
Multifidus
Spinous processes (~4 Vertebre above)
INNERVATION
Multifidus
Dorsal Rami of Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Multifidus
Bilaterally extends spine; unilaterally rotates spine to opposite side
ORIGIN
Rotatores
Transverse processes
INSERTION
Rotatores
spinous processes (1-2 vertebrae above)
INNERVATION
Rotatores
Dorsal Rami of Spinal Nerves
ACTION
Rotatores
Bilaterally extends spine; unilaterally rotates spine to opposite side
ORIGIN
Quadratus Lumborum
Illiac Crest and Iliolumbar fascia
INSERTION
Quadratus Lumborum
Transverse Processes of upper Lumbar vertebrae and Lower Margin of 12th rib
INNERVATION
Quadratus Lumborum
T12 and upper lumbar Spinal Nerves (Ventral Rami)
ACTION
Quadratus Lumborum
Bilaterally extend spine and fix 12th rib, unilaterally flexes trunk to same side
ORIGIN
Rectus Abdominis
Pubic crest and symphysis
INSERTION
Rectus Abdominis
Xiphoid process and costal cartilages of ribs 5-7
INNERVATION
Rectus Abdominis
Intercostal Nerves
ACTION
Rectus Abdominis
Flexes lumbar region of vertebral column; compresses abdomen
ORIGIN
External Oblique
Lower 8 ribs
INSERTION
External Oblique
Into Linea Alba
INNERVATION
External Oblique
Intercostal Nerves
ACTION
External Oblique
Aids Rectus Abdominus in flexing and rotating spine and compressing abdomen
ORIGIN
Internal Oblique
Lumbodorsal fascia, iliac crest, and inguinal ligament
INSERTION
Internal Oblique
Linea Alba, public crest, last 3 ribs
INNERVATION
Internal Oblique
Intercostal Nerves
ACTION
Internal Oblique
Flexes and rotates spine, compresses abdomen
ORIGIN
Transverse Abdominal
Inguinal Ligament, lumbodorsal fascia, cartilages of last 6 ribs, illiac crest
INSERTION
Transverse Abdominal
Linea alba, public crest
INNERVATION
Transverse Abdominal
Intercostal nerves
ACTION
Transverse Abdominal
Compresses abdomen
ORIGIN
Iliacus
Illiac Fossa
INSERTION
Iliacus
Lesser Trochanter of femur via iliopsoas tendon
INNERVATION
Iliacus
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Iliacus
Hip Flexion (thigh flexion), trunk flexion
ORIGIN
Psoas Major
Transverse processes, bodies and discs of lumbar vertebrae and T12-L5
INSERTION
Psoas Major
Lesser trochanter of femur via iliopsoas tendon
INNERVATION
Psoas Major
Ventral Rami L1-L3
ACTION
Psoas Major
Flexes the Thigh
ORIGIN
Sartorius
Anterior Superior Illiac Spine
INSERTION
Sartorius
Upper Medial Tibia
INNERVATION
Sartorius
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Sartorius
Flexes and Laterally Rotates thigh; Flexes Leg
ORIGIN
Rectus Femoris
Anterior inferior illiac spine, rim of acetabulum
INSERTION
Rectus Femoris
Patella and tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament
INNERVATION
Rectus Femoris
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Rectus Femoris
Extends Knee and flexes thigh at Hip
ORIGIN
Vastus Lateralis
Greater Trochanter, intertrochanteric line, lina aspera
INSERTION
Vastus Lateralis
Patella and tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament
INNERVATION
Vastus Lateralis
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Vastus Lateralis
Extends Knee
ORIGIN
Vastus Medialis
Linea aspera, intertrochanteric line
INSERTION
Vastus Medialis
Patella and tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament
INNERVATION
Vastus Medialis
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Vastus Medialis
Extends Knee
ORIGIN
Vastus Intermedius
Anterior and lateral surfaces of proximal Femur shaft
INSERTION
Vastus Intermedius
Patella and tibial tuberosity via patellar ligament
INNERVATION
Vastus Intermedius
Femoral Nerve
ACTION
Vastus Intermedius
Extends Knee
ORIGIN
Tensor Fascia Lata
Anterior aspect of iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine
INSERTION
Tensor Fascia Lata
Illiotibial band
INNERVATION
Tensor Fascia Lata
Superior Gluteal Nerve
ACTION
Tensor Fascia Lata
Flexes and ABducts thigh
Rotates thigh medially
steadies trunk by making illiotibial Tract taut
ORIGIN
Adductor Magnus
Iscial and Public Rami and ishial tuberosity
INSERTION
Adductor Magnus
Linea Aspera and adductor tubercle of femur
INNERVATION
Adductor Magnus
Obtuberator and sciatic (Tibial Portion) Nerves
ACTION
Adductor Magnus
Adduction and medial rotation of thigh; active in gait posture; extends thigh
ORIGIN
Adductor Longus
Publis near public symphysis
INSERTION
Adductor Longus
Linea Aspera
INNERVATION
Adductor Longus
Obtuberator Nerve
ACTION
Adductor Longus
Adducts, Medially Rotates and Flexes thigh
ORIGIN
Adductor Brevis
Body and Inferior Ramus of pubis
INSERTION
Adductor Brevis
Linea Aspera above adductor longus
INNERVATION
Adductor Brevis
Obturator Nerve
ACTION
Adductor Brevis
Adducts, Medially Rotates, and Flexes Thigh
ORIGIN
Pectineus
Pectineal Line of pubis (and superior ramus)
INSERTION
Pectineus
Inferior on the lesser trochanter, the pectineal line
INNERVATION
Pectineus
Femoral
ACTION
Pectineus
Adducts and Flexes thigh
ORIGIN
Gracilis
Inferior Ramus and Body of Pubis
INSERTION
Gracilis
Upper Medial Surface of Tibia
INNERVATION
Gracilis
Obturator Nerve
ACTION
Gracilis
Adducts thigh, flexes leg
ORIGIN
Gluteus Maximus
Dorsal Ilium, sacrum, and coccyx and sacrotuberous ligament
INSERTION
Gluteus Maximus
Gluteal Tuberosity of femur; illiotibial tract
INNERVATION
Gluteus Maximus
Inferior Gluteal Nerve
ACTION
Gluteus Maximus
Major Extensor, lateral rotator of thigh
ORIGIN
Gluteus Medius
Between anterior and posterior gluteal Lines
INSERTION
Gluteus Medius
Lateral aspect of greater trochanter of femur
INNERVATION
Gluteus Medius
Superior Gluteal Nerve
ACTION
Gluteus Medius
Anterior Fibers Abduct and medially rotate thigh; posterior fibers extend and laterally rotate thigh; important in mechanism of walking