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48 Cards in this Set

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Def. of gross anatomy
study of large structures that can be seen with the naked eye
Def. of histology
microscopic study of tissue
Def. of tissue
groups of cells that are similar in structure and that function together.
4 Types of Tissue
1. Epithelial
2. Connective
3. Muscle
4. Nerve
What is Epithelial tissue
Forms the linings and coverings of free surfaces of the body
What is Connective Tissue
Supportive and binding tissue found throughout the body. examples=bone, tendon, cartilage
What is Muscle Tissue
contractile tissue for movement
What is Nerve Tissue
communication cells capable of sending impulses
Def. of an Organ
groups of tissues that work together to perform a common function.
Def. of System
A group of organs working together to perform a common function. examples=respiratory, urinary, circulatory
Def. of Neuroanatomy
study of the structure of the nervous system
Def. of Embryology
study of the developing embryo
What is Germ Cell Layer and what are the three types
layers of embryonic tissue from which all tissues are derived. 3 types are endoderm, ectoderm and mesoderm
what will the endoderm form?
the linings of tubular structures of the body.
what will be derived from ectoderm?
skin and nervous system
what will be derived from mesoderm
muscles and connective tissue
def. of fascia
layers of connective tissue that form fibrous membrane supporting and separating muscles and organs.
def. of collagen
protein that makes up the fibers in connective tissue structures.
def of ligaments
connective tissue, bone to bone
def of tendon
connective tissue, muscle to bone
anatomic postion
body standing erect, face toward observer, feet together and parallel, arms at sides and palms forward.
another name for anterior
ventral
another name for posterior
dorsal
How does the Median Plane divide the body
right and left halves
How does the sagittal plan divide the body
right and left halves, parallel to Median plane
How does the coronal plane divide the body
into anterior and posterior portions
How does the transverse plane divide the body
in to superior and inferior portions
Name the four body cavities
1. Cranial
2. Thoracic
3. Abdominal
4. Pelvic
What structural components are found in the skeletal system
bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints
What functions does the skeletal system have
support, protection, leverage in movement, produce blood cells, storage of minerals
What are the structureal components of the muscular system
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
what are the functions of the muscular system
movement and heat production
what are the components of the circulatory system
heart, blood, blood vessels
what are the functions of the circulatory system
transport oxygen and nutrients to cells and carbon dioxide and waste away from cells. also, carry hormmones and other substances where needed
what are components of the lymphatic system
lymph vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils
what are the functions of the lymphatic system
return lymph to cardiovascular system, filter blood and lymph, and produce white blood cells
what are the components of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
what are the functions of the nervous system
communication by nerve impulse and producing some effect i muscle or gland
what are the components of the endocrine system
hormone-producing structures, ovaries, testes and pancreas, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands
what are the funtions of the endocrine system
use hormones as chemical messengers, help maintain homeostasis by regulating body activities
what are the components of the respiratory system
nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
what are the functions of the respiratory system
supply oxygen and remove carbon dioxide, help regulate acid-base balance
what are the components of the digestive system
mouth, salivary glands, digestive tube, liver and gall bladder and pancreas
what are the functions of the digestive system
breakdown of food into nutrients, remove solid waste
what are the components of the urinary system
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
what are the functions of the urinary system
filter blood to eliminate waste and excess fluid, maintain acid-base balance in the body
what are the components of the reproductive system
male=testes, penis, duct system, glands

female=ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, external genitalia, accessory organs;mammary glands
what are the functions of the reproductive system
hormone production, production of germ cells for reproduction of the organism and housing the developing fetus