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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
biology
the study of living things
morphology
study of structure of all living things
anatomy
study of the structure of animals
gross anatomy ( macro)
the study of animals seen with the naked eye
micro anatomy
the study of things you can't see with the naked eye
cytology
study of cells
histology
study of tissue
physiology
functions of structures
pathology
looking at disease and disfunction
Body regions
1. head and neck 2. trunk ()thoracic, abdominal and pelvic, (abdominopelvic))
3. extremities
anterior (ventral)
front
posterior ( dorsal)
back
superior



anterior
higher




lower
proximal



distal
towards the trunk



away from trunk
cranial


caudal
head




tail
mid


superficial

deep
middle


near the surface

inner
inter

intra
between

inside
medial



lateral
towards the midline


away from midline
visceral


parietal
organ covering



outer wall
body planes
midsagittal, parasagittal/sagittal/logintudinal, coronal/frontal, transverse
body cavities
dorsal- cranial and spinal
ventral- thoracic, abdominal and pelvic
respiration



excretion
gas exchange


get rid of waste
reproduction

digestion


absorption
reproduce

break down

take in broken down material
movement

circulate


reactivity
move


circulate

sensitivity to change
grow


synthesize
these systems are self explanatory
tissue types
muscular -cardiac, skeletal, smooth