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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Towards the Head
Superior
Away from the midline
Lateral
Front
Anterior
Toward midline
Medial
Nearer point of attachment
Proximal
Nearer Surface
Superficial
Back
Posterior/Dorsal
Away From Head
Inferior
Farther from point of attachment
Distal
Farther from surface
Deep
Head, Neck, and Trunk
Axial
a crosswise or horizontal plane
Transverse
Chest Cavity
Thoracic
A plane running from front to back that divides the body into two halves
Saggital
Plane that divide body into upper and lower halves
Transverse
Movable joints
articulations
On the same side of the body
Ipsilateral
the belly button
Umbilicus
wall of body cavity
parietal
a steady state
Homeostatis
Between the lungs
Mediasisum
Wasting away of an organ
atrophy
Testes and ovaries
gonad
Membrane that covers body cavity
peritoneum
Dehydration
excessive loss of body water
Hypothermia
low body temperature
Subcutaneous
beneath the skin
albinism
deficiency or complete absence of skin pigment
Decubitus ulcer
frequently reffered to as bedsore
Carcinogenic
cancer producing
Vitiligo
patches of depigmented skin
carcinoma
cancer of epithelial tissue
metastasis
spread of disease from one body regionor organ to another
operates and controls digestive system
Hypothalamus
Relay system and gatekeeper for cerebrum
thalamus
covers the brain
meninges
coordinates voluntary muscles
cerebellum
maintains homeostatis of body
hypothalamus
controls activity of the pituitary gland
hypothalamus
Regulates vasoconstriction and blood pressure
medulla oblongata
measures carbondioxide levels of the blood
medulla oblongata
covers spinal cord
meninges
dicides how to respond to sensory data
thalamus
the conscious part of the brain
cerebrum
regulates breaathing
medulla
maintains muscle tone
cerebellum
Resting potential
when a neuron is ready to conduct an impulse but not actually transmitting one
Refactory period
period when a neuron can not conduct an impulse
interneurons
carries impulse between afferent neurons
can also be a motor neuron
efferent neuron
dendrite
the end of a neuron that recives a signal
Schwann Cell
the cell that forms a covering on a peripheral nerve
astrocytes
form the blood brain barrier
carries signals to the central nervous system
afferent neuron
is the phagocytic cell of the central nervous system
microglia
Myelin sheath
the covering of the peripheral nerves
carries impulse away from the central nervous system
efferent neuron
a neuron has only one of these
axon
this part can be a meter long
axon
the nucleus,Gogli, and mitochondria are found here
cell body
this end is usually extensivly branched
axon
carries impulse toward cell body
afferent neuron
carries impulse away from cell body
efferent neuron
when an impulse jumps between nodes of ranvier
saltatory conduction
special connective tissues of the nervous system
neuroglia
Nerve cells for impulse conduction
neurons
neuroglia cells that do phagocytosis
microglia
neuroglia that form part of the blood brain barrier
astrocytes
part of the neuron that contains the nucleus
cell body
part of the neuron that recives the stimuli
dendrites
part of the neuron that contains mitochondria
cell body
The fatty sheath produced by schwann cells
myelin sheath
a return to resting potential by a nerve
repolarization
are there more neurons or neurogla in the nervous system
neuroglia
what other system also functions for communication
endocrine
gap between dendrite and axon
synaptic cleft
the study of tissue is called
histology
the type of tissue that contains cells called neurons is
nervous
________ is not a type of connective tissue
nervous
which type of cartilage is the most durable
fibrocartilage
this type of gland secretes through the membrane
merocrine
skeletal muscles constitute approximately____% of body weight
50
Bundle of fine fibers that extend lengthwise along muscle fibers are called
myofibrils
the protein molecule that has heads jutting out for cross bridging is
myosin
skeletal muscles are innervated by
somatic neurons
which of the following muscle types is also called striated muscle
skeletal