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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Superior (cephalic/cranial)
Above; at a higher level; toward the head
Inferior (caudal)
Below; toward the tail (coccyx in humans)

The knees are inferior to the hips.
Anterior
Front; before (anterior = ventral)

The navel is on the anterior surface of the trunk.
Ventral
Belly side; front (anterior = ventral)

The navel is on the ventral surface of the trunk.
Posterior
The back; behind (posterior = dorsal)

The shoulder blade is located posterior to the rib cage.
Dorsal
The back; behind (posterior = dorsal)

The dorsal body cavity encloses the brain and spinal cord.
Proximal
Toward an attached base; closer to trunk

The thigh is proximal to the foot.
Distal
Away from an attached base; farther from the trunk

The fingers are distal to the wrist.
Lateral
Away from the midline (longitudinal axis of the body)

The femur articulates with the lateral surface of the pelvis.
Medial
Toward the midline (longitudinal axis of the body)

The medial surface of the thighs may be in contact.
Ipsilateral
Same side; reflex response affecting the same side as the stimulus
Contralateral
Opposite side; a reflex affecting the side of the body opposite of the stimulus
Superficial
At,near, or relatively close to the body surface

The skin is superficial to underlying structures.
Deep
Toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface

The bone of the thigh is deep to the surrounding skeletal muscle.
Anatomical position
Person stands with legs together and feet flat on the floor; hands are at the sides and palms face forward
Prone position
Person lying down; palms facing down (anatomical position)
Supine position
Person lying down face up; palms facing up (anatomical position)