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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
which site of the humerus is commonly fractured with trauma?
surgical neck
None
which arety and nerve are associated with the anatomical neck of the humerus?
axillary nerve and posterior humeral circumflex artery
which muscles attach to the greater and lesser tubercles?
rotator cuff muscles
which tendon passes through the intertubercular sulcus?
biceps brachii long head
None
the deltoid tuberosity is the site of attachment for which muscle of the shoulder region?
deltoid
which nerve is at risk during fractures of the humerus?
radial nerve (sits in radial groove)
with which part of the forearm does the capitulum articulate?
head of radius
with which bony feature does the trochlea of the humerus articulate?
the trochelar notch of the ulna
what it the name for the fossa on the humerus which accomodates the ulna during flexion? During extension?
coronoid fossa; olecranon fossa
next to what landmark on the humerus is the groove for the ulnar nerve?
medial epicondyle
which muscle inserts onto the radial tuberosity?
biceps brachii tendon
which muscles inserts onto the ulnar tuberosity?
brachialis
the olecranon is the site of insertion for which muscle of the arm?
triceps brachii tendon
by what is the elbow joint surrounded for lubrication?
synovial membrane and fibrous capsule
what are the names of the two supportive ligaments on either side of the elbow joint?
ulnar collateral and radial collateral ligaments
the anular ligament arises from which bone of the elbow joint? It is involved in which movement?
ulna; supination and pronation
deep the skin and superficial fascia, the arm is surrounded by a layer of deep fascia called what?
brachial fascia
the brachial fascia of the arm have two invaginations called what? To what do these invaginations attach?
medial and lateral septa; humerus
what are the 3 muscles of the flexor compartment of the arm?
biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, brachialis
what is the origin of the short head of the biceps brachii? The insertion? Innervation? Action?
coracoid process; radial tuberosity; musculatocutaneous nerve; supinates and flexes forearm and flexes arm
what is the origin of the long head of the biceps brachii? The insertion? Innervation? Action?
supraglenoid tubercle; radial tuberosity; musculocutaneous nerve; supinates and flexes forearm and flexes arm
what is the origin of the coracobrachialis? The insertion? Innervation? Action?
coracoid process; medial surface of humerus; musculocutaneous nerve; adducts and flexes arm
what is the origin of the brachialis? The insertion? The innervation? The action?
anterior surface of humerus; coronoid process and ulnar tuberosity; musculocutaneous nerve; flexes forearm
what is the origin of the long head of the triceps brachii? The insertion? The innervation? The action?
infraglenoid tubercle; olecranon of ulna; radial nerve; extends forearm and arm
what is the origin of the lateral head of the triceps brachii? The insertion? The innervation? The action?
posterior humerus superior to radial groove; olecranon of ulna; radial nerve; extends forearm
what is the origin of the medial head of the triceps brachii? The insertion? The innervation? The action?
posteior humerus inferior to the radial groove; olecranon of ulna; radial nerve; extends forearm
muscles of the anterior compartment of the arm are innervated by which nerve? The posterior compartment?
musculocutaneous; radial nerve
None
what role do the median and ulnar nerves play in arm?
no role
what is the name for the major artery in the arm? This is a continuation of which artery?
brachial artery; axillary artery
which branch of the brachial artery supplies the posterior compartment of the arm?
deep brachial artery
which muscle of the arm is pierced by the musculocutaneous nerve?
coracobrachialis
which branches of the brachial artery supply the elbow?
collateral branches
what is the name for the 2 veins often seen traveling with accompanying arteries in arm?
venae comitantes
which are the 3 borders of the cubital fossa?
brachioradialis, pronator teres, imaginary line between medial and lateral epicondyles
what are the 3 most important contents of the cubital fossa?
biceps brachii tendon, median nerve, brachial artery