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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye and what they are made up of.

The science of the structure of organisms or of their parts
The study of the functions and activities performed by the body structures
The study of the science of the minute structures of organic tissues

Microscopic anatomy
The basic unit of all living things, from bacteria to plants to animals to human beings.
Responsible for carrying all life processes.
Trillions of cells in varying sizes, shapes, and purposes
a colorless jellylike substance in shich food elements such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts, and warter are present
The dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell.
It plays an important part in cell reproduction and metabolism
All the protoplasm of a cell, except for the necleus.
The watery fluid that contains food material necessary for growth, reproduction and self-repair of the cell.
Cell Membrane
encloses the protoplasm and permits soluable substances to enter and leave the cell
Most cell reproduce by dividing into 2 identical cells called daugher cells
Favorable conditions for cell growth and reproduction
Suitable temperatures
Ability to eleminate waste
a chemical process that takes place in living organisms, whereby teh cells are nourished and carry our their activities.
Anabolism and Catabolism
Constructive metabolism
Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones.
During this process, the body stores water, food, and oxygen for atime when it will be needed for cell growth and repair
Phase of metabolism that involves teh breaking down of complex compounds within the sell into smaller ones.
Releases enerty that is stored by special molecules to be used in muscle contractions, body secretions or heat production.
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function.
Body tissues are composed of 60 to 90 % water
5 types of tissue in the body
Nerve Tissue
Carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions.
Composed of special cells known as neurons, which make up the nerves, brain, and spinal cord.
Muscular Tissue
Contract and move the various parts of the body
Liquid Tissue
Carry food, waste products and hormones through the body.
Blood and Lymph
Epitherial Tissue
Protective covering on the body surface.

Skin, mucus membrane and the lining of the heard, digestive and respiratory organs, and glands
Connective Tissue
Support, protect, and bind together other tissues of the body.
Bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, fascia (which separates muscles) and fat or adipose tissue
Groups of tissues designed to perform a specific function
Sends and receives telegraphic messages through 12 pr of cranial nerves.
Controls the body: sensation, muscular, & glandular
Largest and most comples nerve tissue in the body.
Contained in the cranium
Weighs 44 to 48 oz
Control Vision
Circulates the blood
Excretes water and waste products
Supply oxygen to the blood
Removes toxic products of digestion
Forms external protective covering of hte body
Stomach and Intestines
Digest Foods
a group of bodily organs acting together to perform one or more functions
10 major systems
Muscular System
Covers, shapes an dsupports the skeleton tissue, also contracts and moves various parts of the body.
Consists of muscles
640 muscles / 40% of the body weight
Respiratory System
enables breathing, supplying the body with oxygen, and elimiating carbon dioxide as a waste product.
Consists of lungs and air passages.
Skeletal System
Physical foundation of the body.
Consists of the bones and moveable and immovable joints.
206 bones
1/3 animal matter
2/3 mineral matter - calcium carbonate & calcium phosphate
Circulatory System
controls the steady circulation of the blood trhough the body by means of the heart and blood vessels
Reproductive System
responsible for processes by which plants and animals produce offspring
Endocrine System
Affects the growth, development, sexual activity, and health of the entire body.
Consists of specialized glands