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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Explain how anatomy and physiology are related.
Anatomy (structure) determines physiology (function).
Levels of Structural organization in the human body
chemical
cellular
tissue
organ
organ system
organism
Respiratory System
transfers oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide--

nasal cavity, trachea, left lung
integumentary system
waterproofs the body, dynthesizes vitamin D, detects pressure, pain, temp, maintains temperature, protects internal organs---

skin
skeletal system
suports the body, provides framework, protects internal organs, location of the formation of blood cells---

bones, cartilages, ligaments, joints
muscular system
movement, maintains posture, produces heat---

muscles
nervous system
control system, responds to change---

brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors
endocrine system
secrete hormones to regulate other bodily structures---

pancreas, glands
cardiovascular system
carries oxygen and nutrients to and from cells in the body---

heart, blood vessels
lymphatic system
return leaked fluid from the blood to vessels, houses the immunity cells---

lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils
digestive system
breaks down food into absorbable unites to feed cells and eliminates indigestible food---

oral caivty, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum, anus
urinary system
eliminates nitrogeneous wastes, regulates water electrolyte acid-base balance in blood---

kidney, ureter, urinary baldder, urethra
reproductive system
produces offspring, more cells---

Male: seminal vessecles, prostate, penis vas deferens, testes, scrotum

Female: mammary glands, uterine tube, ovary, uterus, vagina
Necessary Life Functions
maintaining boundaries
movement
responsiveness
digestion
metabolism
excretion
reproduction
growth
maintaining boundaries
inside is separate from outside

cell membrane
movement
all activities promoted by the muscular system, locomtion, movement of substances

bloodstream circulate oxygen
responsiveness
irratability, ability to sense change and react to it

cut your hand, pull away
nervous system
digestion
the process of breaking down ingested food so that molecules can be absorbed by cells for food
metabolism
all chemical reactions occur within cells, production of energy, making bodily structures
escretion
process of removing waste from the body

digestive system
reproduction
the production of offspring and more cells

increasing cell number from damaged tissue repair
growth
increase in size

cells