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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
forms mucus serous and epidermal membranes
epithelium
most widely distributed tissue type in body
epithelium
produce a lubricating mucus. often present in simple columnar epithelium
goblet cells
single layer of tall cells that fit closely together
simple columnar epithelium
epithelial membranes that line body cavities open to the body exterior
mucosae or mucous membranes
structureless material secreted by cells
basement membrane
most concerned with absoroption secretion and filtration
simple epithelia
slick membranes that line the ventral body cavity and cover the organs in that cavity
serous membranes or serosae
rest on a basement membrane
some cells are shorter than others
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
consists of several layers and most common stratified epithelium in the body
stratified columnar epithelium
highly modified stratified squamous epithelium that forms the lining of only few organs urinary
transitional
consists of one or more cells that make and secrete a particular product
a gland
products made in a gland
secretion
lose their connection to the surface often called ductless glands
endocrine glands
retain their ducts and secretions empty through the ducts to the epithelial surface
exocrine glands
connects body parts found everywhere in the body
connective tissue
good blood supply
vascularized
nonliving substances found outside the cells in connective tissues
extracellular matrix
bone, composed of bone cells sitting in cavities called lucanae surrounded by layers of hard matrix
osseous
most widespread cartilage has abundant collagen fibers
hyaline cartilage
forms cushion like disks between the vertebrae of the spinal column
fibrocartilage
found where a structure with elasticity is desired
elastic cartilage
collagen fibers as its main matrix element
dense connective tissue or dense fibrous tissue
crowded between the collagen fibers that manufacture the fibers
fibroblasts
attach skeletal muscles to bones
tendons
connect bones to bones at joints
ligaments
widely dist. connective tissue variety in the body, is a soft, pliable tissue
areolar tissue
when a body region is inflamed swells and becomes puffy a condition called...
edema
fat tissue
adipose tissue
consists of a delicate network of interwoven reticular fibers
reticular connective tissue
considered a connective tissue
blood
highly specialized to contract to produce movement
muscle tissues
packaged by connective tissue sheets into organs called...
skeletal muscle
found only in the heart
cardiac muscle
junctions that branching cells fit tightly together in
intercalated disks
no striations are visible have single nucleus and are spindle shaped
smooth or visceral muscle
two major functional characteristics
irratibility and conductivity
insulate and support or protect the delicate neurons, make up the structures of the nervous system
supporting cells
replacement of destroted tissue by the same kind of cells
regeneration
repair by dense connective tissue
fibrosis
Allows fluid rich in clotting proteins and other substances to seep into the injured area from the bloodstream
Capillaries become permeable
A delicate pink tissue composed of new capillaries that grow into the damaged area from undamaged blood vessels
Granulation tissue forms
An abnormal mass of proliferating cells
Neoplasm
Body tissues enlarge because there is some local irritant or condition that stimulates the cells
Hyperplasia
Decrease in size
Atrophy
Bone hyaline cartilage finrocartilage dense fibrous areolar adipose
Connective tissues
Consist of two or more cell layers considerably durable
Stratified epithelia
Fit closely together to form continuous sheets
Epithelial cells
Group of cells that are similar in structure and function
Tissues
Transfer of Information from DNAs base sequence into the complementary base sequence of mRNA
Transcription