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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abdomen extends up to
4th intercostal space
superior boundary of abdomen
inferior thoracic apeture
inferior boundary of abdomen
pelvic inlet (internal); superior margin of lower limb (external)
chamber enclosed by abdominal wall
peritoneal cavity
bones of abdominal wall
5 lumbar vertebrae, greater pelvis, 12th rib, anterior portion of 11th rib, & xiphoid process
5 lumbar vertebrae and IV discs comprise the
posterior wall of the abdominal cavity
12th rib, function in abdomen
attaches to structures that support the diaphragm
greater pelvis, function in abdomen
some viscera sit on it
posterior muscles of abdominal wall
diaphragm, quadratus lumborum, psoas major, iliacus
anterolateral muscles of abdominal wall
transversus abdominis, internal oblique, external oblique, rectus abdominis
functions of muscles, abdominal wall
breathing, support viscera
psoas major and iliacus mm. form
iliopsoas m.
diaphragm, inferior border
at 12th rib
rectus abdominis aka
6-pack muscle
linea semilunaris
outer margin of rectus abdominis on lateral anterior abdomen
linea alba becomes pigmented during
pregnancy
serratus anterior & external oblique mm.
interdigitate
location of umbilicus
L3-L4
dermatome for innervation of umbilicus
T10
transpyloric plane located at
L1 or 9th costal cartilage
subcostal plane located at
L3
supracristal plane located at
L4
transumbilical plane located at
level of L3/L4 disc
sagital plane that divides four quadrants
median plane
McBurney's Point, location
1/3rd of the way up along a line from the R ASIS to the umbilicus
McBurney's Point, definition
point at which pressure applied to abdomen will cause maximum tenderness in a patient with acute appendicitis
three planes that mark the 9 regions
subcostal, midclavicular, transtubercular
subcostal plane located at
L3
transtubercular plane located at
L5
foregut pain presents in the
region above the subcostal plane (R & L hypochondrium & epigastric region)
midgut pain presents in the
region between the subcostal plane & the transtubercular plane (R & L flank & umbilical region)
hindgut pain presents in the
region below the transtubercular plane (R & L groin & pubic region)
organs located in RUQ
R lobe of liver, gallbladder, pylorus of scomach, parts 1-3 of duodenum, head of pancreas, R suprarenal gland, R kidney, R colic (hepatic) flexure, superior part of ascending colon, R 1/2 of transverse colon
organs located in LUQ
L lobe of liver, spleen, stomach, jejunum, proximal ileum, body & tail of pancreas, L kidney, L suprarenal gland, L colic (splenic) flexure, L 1/2 of transverse colon, superior part of descending colon
organs located in RLQ
cecum, appendix, most of ileum, inferior part of ascending colon, R ovary, R uterine tube, R ureter (abdominal part), R spermatic cord, uterus (if enlarged), urinary bladder (if very full)
organs located in LLQ
sigmoid colon, inferior part of descending colon, L ovary, L uterine tube, L ureter (abdominal part), L spermatic cord, uterus (if enlarged), urinary bladder (if very full)
muscles of abdominal wall involved in
defecation, urination, couging, childbirth, & lifting
superficial veins are prominent in
the superficial fascia (Camper's fascia)
fat is found in
the superficial fascia (Camper's fascia)
layers of anterolateral abdominal wall
(superficial --> deep) skin, Camper's fascia, Scarpa's fascia, flat muscles, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fascia, peritoneum
flat muscles are
external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominis
between each flat muscle there is
fascia
Camper's fascia is equivalent to
the hypodermis
Scarpa's fascia is
membranous & fibrous; it can be sutured
flat muscles are continuous with
the intercostal muscles
peritoneum is
a serous membrane that lines the peritoneal cavity
peritoneum, histological features
mesothelial cells that form a membrane; simple squamous epithelium
transversalis fascia is
thick
extraperitoneal fascia contains
fat
parietal peritoneum can be described as
a thin glistening layer that creates fluid
visceral peritoneum aka
splanchnic peritoneum