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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
back of the head
back/top of head, between occipital and frontal skull bones
the skull bone deep to the ear
zygomatic arch (bone)
cheek bone
bone of the upper jaw and sides of nasal bone
lower jaw
external auditory meatus
canal that leads to the eardrum and the middle ear
lumbar region
section of vertebrae superior to the sacrum and coccyx. largest of the vertebrae. massive blocklike bodies and short, hatchet-shaped spinuous processes.
cervical region
uppermost section of vertebrae. form neck region of spine. smallest, lightest vertebrae, most often their spinuous processes are short and divided into two branches. the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae contain foramina (openings) trhough which the bertebral arteries pass on their way to the brain above.
thoracic region
region of vertebrae superior to the lumbar vertebrae and inferior to the cervical vertebrae. larger than cervical vetebrae, body is somewhat heart shaped and has two costal facets on each side whihc receive the long heads of the ribs. the spinuous process is long and hooks downward.
vertebral body
disklike, weight bearing part of the vertebra facing anteriorly in the vertebral column
articulating surfaces: paired projections lateral to the vertebral foramen, allowing a vertebra to form joints with adjacent vertebrae.
spinuous process
single projection arising from the posterior aspect of the vertebral arch
transverse process
two lateral projections from the body of the vertebra
the formation of three to five fused, irregularly shaped vertebrae. the tailbone
the part of the vertebral column formed by the fusionof five vertebrae. superiorly, it articulates with the fifth lumbar vertebra, and inferiorly it connects with the coccyx. The winglike alae articulate laterally with the hip bones, forming the sacroiliac joints. the sacrum forms the posterior wall of the pelvis.
xiphoid process
most inferior part of the sternum. small.
most superior part of the sternum.
costal cartilage
cartilage connecting the sternum to the true and false ribs
true rib
the first seven pairs of ribs which are directly attached to the sternum by costal cartilages.
false ribs
the next five pairs of ribs, either attached indirectly to the sternum, or are not attached to the sternum at all
collarbone, slender, doubly curved bone. it attaches to the arm away from the top of the thorax and helps prevent shoulder dislocation
glenoid fossa (cavity)
the shallow socket that receieves the head of the arm bone.
acromion process
the enlarged end of the spine of the scapula
spine of scapula
the spine of the shoulder blade
coracoid process
part of scapula (shoulder blade) which is beaklike
humeral head
the head of the humerus bone (the upper arm bone)which fits into the glenoid cavity
lesser tubercle of humerus
site of muscle attachment in the upper arm bone (humerus) inferior to the humeral head. next to the greater tubercle of humerus
greater tubercle of humerus
site of muscle attachement in the humerus. opposite the humeral head, next to the lesser tubercle
deltoid tuberosity
the midpoint of the shaft of the humerus. the point where the large, fleshy deltoid muscle of the shoulder attaches
the circular side of the spool like end of the humerus where it attaches to the elbow
the thumbside bone of the lower arm
styloid process
the furthest point away from the shoulder on the radius bone.
pinky finger side of the forearm bone
small bone of the hand that connects the thumb to the main body of hand
small bone that is connected to index finger and sits next to trapezium
bone of hand behind the middle finger
the bone seated next to the capitate, connects to the ring and pinky fingers
smallest bone of the carpals. pinky side
the bone that is connected to the trapezium and trapezoid. bean shaped
the palm of the hand bones
phalanx (proximal)
finger bone closest to the metacarpals
the socket of the hip bone that receives the head of the femur
"sitdown bone" -it forms the the most inferior part of the coxal bone
large flaring bone that forms most of hip
the most anterior part of a coxal bone
femoral head
the head of the femur (thigh) bone
the thigh bone
lesser trochanter of femur
site of muscle attachment, below head, inferior to the greater trochanter of femur...a bony outcropping
lateral condyle of femur
the most inferior part of the femur, part of the bone that sits just below patella
greater trochanter of femur
site of muscle attachment, superior to lesser trochanter and next to the head of the femur
tibial tuberosity
roughened area on the anterior (front) part of the tibia (shinbone)
medial malleolus
the interior surface of the tibia bone that forms the bony "ball" or bulge of the inner ankle
thin and sticklike bone that along with the tibia, forms the lower leg
uppermost part of foot, lies between the tibia and the calcaneous
large bean shaped bone closest to talus
pinky toe side bone, opposite the navicular
series of three bones corresponding to the big toe, index toe, and middle toe. medial, intermediate, lateral respectively
five bones that form the sole of the foot
the bones that compose the toes