Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abduction
taking bone away from midline
adduction
moving bone toward midline (adding it to your body)
pronation
twisting forearm so palm is downward
supination
twisting forearm so palm is up (holding a cup of soup)
dorsiflexion
bending foot to touch toes to shin
plantar flexion
pointing toes
circumduction
moving the distal end of a limb in a circle
rotation
movement of a bone revolving around its own longitudinal axis
protraction
moving a body part forward
retraction
moving a body part back to normal from protraction
inversion
moving the soles medially so they face each other
eversion
moving the soles outward so they face away from each other
striated, voluntary muscle
skeletal muscle
non striated, involuntary muscle
smooth muscles of organs
superficial fascia
immediately under skin
deep fascia
dense irregular CT, holds muscles together and separates them into functional groups
epimysium
wraps the entire muscle (has lots of perimysiums inside)
perimysium
wraps bundles of muscle cells (fascicles) (has lots of endomysium inside)
endomysium
wraps each individual muscle fiber
origin
attachment of the muscle to the stationary bone
insertion
attachment of the muscle to the movable bone
agonist
muscle that causes a desired action or movement
antagonist
muscle that relaxes while agonist works, opposite of agonist
prime mover
always same as agonist
synergist
muscles that help the prime mover or agonist
fixator
muscles that stabilize the origin of the prime mover or agonist
accessory organs of skin
-hair, or pili
-glands (sebaceous, cerumin, sudoriferous)
-nails
sebaceous glands
oil glands, connected to hair follicles
sudoriferous glands
sweat glands
-eccrine are on body
-apocrine are in armpit, groin, nipples, and mens' bearded areas.
ceruminous glands
earwax glands, in outer ear canal
mastoid process
rounded projection of TEMPORAL bone
zygomatic arch
made of temporal bone and zygomatic bone