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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Invasion by pathogens
Infection
Disorders that relate to the system that protects us against infectious disease
Immune disorders
Disorders that include any disruption of the reactions involved in cellular metabolism
Metabolic disorders
Diseases caused by a dietary lack of essential vitamins, minerals, proteins, or other substances required for health
Nutritional disorders
Disorders that involve degeneration of tissues in any system of the body
Degenerative diseases
Refers to cancer and other types of tumors
Neoplasm
"New growth"
Neoplasm
THe medical field that specializes in the treatment of mental disorders
Psychiatry
Predisposing causes of disease
Age
Gender
Heredity
Living conditions and habits
Emotional disturbance
Physical and chemical damage
Preexisting illness
The study of the cause of any disease, or the theory of its origin
Etiology
Range of disease occurance and its tendency to affect certain groups of individuals more than other groups
Incidence
Diseases that are relatively severe but usually last a short time
Acute
Diseases that are often less severe but are likely to be continuous or recurring for long periods
Chronic
Diseases that are intermediate between acute and chronic, not being as severe as acute infections nor as long-lasting as chronic disorders
Subacute
The study of disease
Pathophysiology
Determination of the nature of the illness
Diagnosis
Prediction of probable outcome of disease
Prognosis
Course of treatment
Therapy
Methods of disease prevention or treatment used along with or instead of traditional modern medical practices
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
Organism that lives on or within a host at the host's expense
Parasite
Disease causing organism
Pathogen
Modes of disease transmission
Direct contact
Indirect contact
Portals of entry and exit
Animal that transfers organisms form host to host
Vector
Study of microorganisms
Microbiology
Primative, single-cell organisms
Bacteria
The study of bacteria, both beneficial and disease producing
Bacteriology
Bateria that can grow in the absence of oxygen
Anaerobic
Bacteria that require oxygen to grow
Aerobic
Bacteria whose cells will use oxygen if it is present but are able to grow without oxygen
Faculative anaerobic
The study of worms, particularly parasitic worms
Helminthology
Types of roundworms
Ascaris
Pinworm
Hookworm
Trichna
Filariasis
Types of flatworms
Tapeworm
Fluke
Fundamental public health practices
Sewage and garbage disposal
Purification of the water supply
Prevention of food contamination
Milk pasteurization