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24 Cards in this Set

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Anatomical Position
The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the sides and palms turned forward
Superior
Toward the head, upper, above
Inferior
Towards the feet, lower, below
Anterior
Front or front of
Posterior
Back or back of
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Toward the sides of the body
Proximal
Toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
Distal
Away from or farthest from the trunk of the body
Superficial
Nearer the surface
Deep
Farther away from the body surface
Sagittal
Cuts or sections the body into lengthwise plane running from front to back. It divides the body into left and right sides
Frontal (Coronal)
The plane is in a lengthwise plane running from side to side. The frontal plane divides body into anterior and posterior portions
Transverse
This plane is a horizontal or crosswise plane. It divides the body or any of its parts into upper and lower portions.
Ventral Cavity
Includes the Thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
Dorsal Cavity
Includes the Cranial Cavity and the Spinal Cavity
Thoracic cavity
Trachea, heart, blood vessels, and lungs
Abdominopelvic cavity
Liver, gallbladder, stomach, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, parts of the large intestine, lower colon, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs
Midsagittal Plane
Sagittal plane that divides the body into two equal halves.
Axial region
Head, neck, and torso, or trunk
Appendicular region
Upper and lower extremities
Anatomy
As a study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts.
Pathology
The study of disease, uses principles of anatomy and physiology to determine the nature of particular diseases.
Physiology
The study of the functions of living organisms and their parts.