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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Superficial epigastric artery arises from
Femoral Artery
This artey run below and parallel to inguinal ligament
Superficial Circumflex Epigastric Artery
These nerves are found in the superficial fasica of the abdomen
Cutaneous branch of intercostal nerve
Cutaneous branch of iliac inguinal nerves
Iliac hypogastric
Iliac subcostal nerves
This superficial fasica is above the umbilicus
Camper fascia
This superficial fasica is below the umbilicus
Scarpa's fascia
Which of these abdomenal superficial fascia contain a membranous attachment? Camper or Scarpa's fascia?
Scarpa fascia
This aponeurosis encase the rectus abdominis muscle
Linea Semilunaris
This aponeurosis is find on the midline of the body
Linea Alba
This aponeurosis run from pubic crest to xiphoid process and also on the lateral border of rectus sheath
Linea Semilunaris
These muscles are called anterolateral abdominal muscle
External abdominal oblique
Internal abdominal oblique
Transversus abdominis muscle
This muscle originate from lower 8 ribs. At its medial border it stop at linea semilunaris. It also attach to the iliac crest. At its lower border, its aponeurosis curve under the inguinal ligament
External Abdominal Oblique Muscle
inguinal ligament is attach to what two structures
Anterior Superior iliac spine
Pubic tubercle
what's important about the posterior border of the external abdominal oblique muscle
Is not attach (Free)
External Abdominal oblique muscle is attach to what posteriorly
Superficial fascia
Between what borders are all 3 of the anterolateral abdominal muscles fleshy
Between the lowest border of the rib and the ILiac crest
what is fiber direction of the external oblique muscle
Inferior Medially or hand in pocket because its cold.
What other muscle have the same fiber direction as the external oblique muscle
external intercostal muscle
The 3 anterolateral abdominal muscle are divided from each other by
A loose connective tissue fascia layer
This abdominal muscle fiber is right angle to the external oblique muscle
Internal oblique muscle
This muscle fiber direction is transversly
Transversus Abdominis
The internal oblique muscle orginate posteriorly from (3 places)
Thoracolumbar fascia, iliac crest, and lateral 2/3 of the inguinal ligament
Where are the places the internal oblique muscle is inserted
On the lower part of 3 or 4 ribs, lower part of pubic crest.
By Aponeurosis the internal oblique muscle insert where
Linea alba
pubic symphysis
pubic crest
patineal line
The Transversus abdominis orginate posteriorly from
Thoracolumbar fascia
The transversus abdominis muscle orginate medially from
Iliac crest
The transversus abdominis muscle orginate laterally from
Lateral 1/3 of the inguinal ligament
costal catilages of the lower six ribs
By aponeurosis the transversus abdominis muscle insert on
Linea alba
pubic symphysis
petoneal line
This nerve innervate the 3 anterolateral muscles and the rectus abdominis muscle is
Intercostal nerves
Lower abdominal muscle wall is innervated by
Subcostal nerves from ventral rami of T12
Muscles in the lumbar region of the abdomen are innervated by
iliac inguinal nerve
iliac hypogastric nerve
Iliac inguinal and iliac hypogastric nerves orginate from
Ventral rami of L1 at the lower layer
These arteries supply blood to the 3 anterolateral abdominal muscle and rectus abdominis muscle
Branch of the Lumbar artery
Superficial epigastric artery
Circumflex iliac artery
These Arteries supply blood to the rectus abdominis muscle
Superior epigastric artery
Inferior epigastric artery
A major action of the abdominal muscles' are
Breathing
During inhalation what happen to the diaphragm
Contract, and move inferiorly
During diaphragm contraction what happen to the abdominal content
push down
During inhalation what happen to thoracic cavity
Enlarge
During inhalation what happen to the lung
Expand and air rushes in
What happen to the diaphragm during exhalation
Relax
What happen to the abdominal muscle during exhalation
Contract
What happen to the abdominal content during exhalation
pushes on the diaphragm
What happen to the lung during exhalation
Decrease the space in the in thoracic cavity, and then air rushes out
This aponeurosis contain the rectus abdominis muscle
Rectus sheath
The rectus abdominis muscle is attach or orginate from these bones
Pubic symphysis
pubic crest
The rectus abdominis muscle insert on these structures
Xiphiod process
costal catilage of the lower 5,6,or 7 ribs
What is the fiber direction of the rectus abdominis muscle
Completely vertical
Name the two vessels that are found in the posterior part of the rectus sheath
Superior epigastric artery/v
Inferior epigastric artery
This vessel gives rise to the superior epigastric artery
Terminal branch of the internal thoracic artery
This vessel gives rise to the inferior epigastric artery
External iliac artery
How do the superior and inferior epigastric artery meet
Anastomosis
This vessel gives off the internal thoracic artery
Subclavian artery
This vessel gives off the inferior epigastric artery
External iliac artery
The superior and inferior epigastric artery anastomose and this can cause blood to by pass these two arteries
Thoracic aorta
abdominal aorta
The change in thickest of the rectus sheath posteriorly is at the
Arcuate line
what your name
ernest