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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomical position of humans
standing straight, facing observer, palms forward, feet forward
posterior
behind, toward back, back part
anterior
in front of, the front part
dorsal
toward the back/spine (usually interior) (same as posterior for humans)
ventral
toward the front/belly (usually interior) (same as anterior for humans)
rostral
toward the head (usually embryonic)
caudal
away from the head, toward the tail/legs (usually embryonic)
superior
above
inferior
below
superficial
at/near/toward surface
deep
away from surface
external
at/near/toward surface (same as superficial)
internal
away from surface (same as deep)
central
toward the core, pertaining to the center (CNS=brain, brain stem, spinal cord)
peripheral
away from the core (PNS=all other nervous system tissue)
medial
toward the midling (must be relative to something else)
lateral
away from the midline (must be relative to something else)
proximal
toward the core (torso and abdomen)
distal
limbs
ipsilateral
same side
contralateral
opposite side
anterolateral
to the front side (roundish things)
posterolateral
to the back side (roundish things)
sagittal/medial
divided into left and right
mid-sagittal
divided exactly into left and right
coronal/frontal
divided into front and back
transverse/horizontal
divided into upper and lower
tubercle
rounded projection (smallest)
tuberosity
rounded projection (medium)
trochanter
rounded projection (biggest)
condyle
knuckle-like ex. jaw hinges to skull
process
generic term for bony/cartiledge pominence
head
where bone enlarges at the end
facet
where two things come together (can be projection or depression)
crest
long, like a mountain ridge (usually where 2 bones fused together during development)
fovea
shallow and pit-like
fossa
deep and pit-like
sulcus/groove
furrows (long, narrow depression)
neck
where bone narrows before projecting into a head
foreman
hole in bone, like a hole-punch
canal/fissure/meatus
tubular, long tubes through the bone/cartiledge
sinus
cavity in a bone, completely enclosed w/ one hole
tissue
group of cells w/ similar structure and function
epithelial tissue
provides support for internal structures; connective tissue, sheets, also nails and hair, covers tubes
epithelial tissue proper
skin, lines cavities (mucousal tissues)
mesothelial tissue
serous membrane, lines body cavities (thoracic, perocardial, abdominal)
endothelial tissue
inside, very smooth; single layer of flat cells that line blood vessels and lymph system