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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
anatomical position
the erect position of the body with the face directed forward, arms at the side, palms face up
metabolism
the sum total of the chemical reactions that occur in the body
organelle
specialized structures in a cell that perform specific metabolic functions
dorsal
pertaining to the back; posterior
ventral
anterior or front
superior
body part that is located above another
anterior
the front of an organism, organ, or part; the ventral surface
posterior
located behind a part or toward the rear of a structure.
histology
the branch of anatomy dealing with the microscopic structure of tissues
sagittal plane
a longitudinal plane that divides the body or any of its parts into right or left portions
transverse plane
plane that divides the body or its parts into superior and inferior portions; also called a cross section
coronal plane
a longitudinal plane that divides the body or an organ into anterior and posterior parts
distal
farthest from the point of attachment of a limb or origin of a structure
proximal
toward the attached end of a limb or the origin of a structure.
lateral
away from the midline of the body
medial
toward the midline of the body
pathology
the scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development and consequences
homeostasis
a state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body
inferior
the point lowest on the body
Ex The belly button is inferior to the nose