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129 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lymphatic fluid is described as...
Clear and colorless
Lymph vessels contain what type of valves?
The lymph flow from the right side of the body empties where?
Into the right lymphatic duct AKA right thoracic duct
The lymph fluid that does not go to the right thoracic duct goes where?
Into the left thoracic duct
Name the 4 areas of the body that do not contain lymph vessels.
1. Avascular Tissue
2. CNS and eye (brain/spinal)
3. Spleen
4. Bone Marrow
Name for the side trip venouse blood from the GI tract takes to the liver before dumping into the inferior vena cava.
Portal hepatic system
Blood from what organs takes the side trip?
Esophagus down to the bottom of the large intestine (rectum)
2 organs that contribute venouse blood to the portal hepatic system
1. Spleen
2. Pancreas
Final vein that goes into the liver. Stuff from all other veins
Hepatic vein
A one way system that carries leftover fluid from the tissue spaces back to the heart
Lymphatic system
Small vessels the size of capillaries that collect leftover fluid, protein and debris from intercelular areas
Lymphatic capillaries
Lymph capillaries joined together to form slightly larger vessels
Lymphatic vessels
How do lymphatic vessels run?
They run side by side and are not visible to the naked eye
How does lymph fluid move?
It is very sluggish and is moved by contraction of surrounding muscles
The structure of a lymph node is described as having what kind of a shape?
A capsule that has a tough outer coating of connective tissue
What is the name for the part of the capsule that divides the lymph node into sections or projections of capsule ino the node?
The trabeculae of the capsule
What is the name for the stuff that goes in to the node?
What is the name for the part of the lymph nodes that does all of the work?
The parenchymia is composes of what two sections?
An outer cortex and an inner medulla
Spaces called sinuses just under the capsule
Name for the filters of the parenchmia
Cotical nodules
Area that produces the white cells and keeps the nodes healthy
Germinal centers
Item that starts as sinus stuff
Item that catches filtered fluid and comes down through the cortex
Medullary sinuses
Type of node that is located around the subnamdibular around the neck
Cervical nodes
Type of node that is around the front/upper chest and is related to breast tissue
Thoracic node
Type of node located in the armpit
Axillary node
Type of node located around the front of the elbow
Cubital nodes
Type of nodes that are scattered throughout the small intestine
Peyer's patches
Type of node around the groin area
Inguinal nodes
Type of node located at the back of the knee
Popliteal node
If something is going into the hilius it is what?
If something is going out through the hilius it is what?
Name for the item that is defined as like strings of lymphoid cells
Medullary cords
The lymphoid tissues is made up of what 4 items?
1. Lymphnodes
2. Spleen
3. Thymus gland
4. Tonsils
How are vessels and nodes named?
They are named for where they are located in the body
Lymph nodes are more often found under what conditions?
Isolated or in clusters?
They are more often found in clusters of nodes
Terminal lymph vessels empty in the ____ or ____ ______ vein and then into the ___ ___ ___
Right or left brachiocephalic vein
Superior vena cava
Right lymphatic duct (thoracic) and the upper right quadrant of the trunk drains terminal vessels on what side of the body?
The right side of the body
Left lymphatic duct receives lymph from
the rest of the body
The GI tract starts where?
in the mouth inferior to the nasal cavity
The entire length of the tube from mouth to anus consists an inner lining of secreting and absorbing mucous membrane called what?
The nerve plexus that deals with absorbtion
The meissners plexus
The nerve plexus that deals with the controling of muscle movement
Auerbach's plexus
Anterior margin of the cheeks (opening of cheeks) the muscle that is obiquiaris
The lips
The smooth portion of the lips between the mucus membrane - the flesh part
Bermilion border
The fleshy lateral borders of the mouth composed of outher layer of skin and inner layer of mucus membrane
The cheeks
The buxinator and large amounts of fat are found inbetween what part of the mouth?
The cheeks
The hard and soft palate forms what part of the mouth?
The roof of the mouth
The part of the pharynx behind the mouth
The oral pharyx
The mylohyoid muscle is found where?
The floor of the mouth
The vestibule of the mouth is found where?
Everything in the mouth outside of the teeth
The oral cavity proper is found where?
Everything in the mouth inside of the teeth
How many permanent teeth do we have?
How many teeth are on each top side and each bottom?
Name for flat sharp teeth that are used for cutting
Two incisors - central and lateral
Tooth used for puncturing and tearing
The canine (eye tooth)
Teeth used for grinding
The two premolars or 1st and 2nd bicuspids
How many molars do we have?
Which molar is known as the wisdom tooth?
The 3rd molar
The name for the upper visible part of the tooth covered by enamel
The crown
The name for the portion of the tooth in the gum
The root
Sweet and salty is recognized on what part of the tongue
The front
Sour is recognized on what part of the tongue
The sides and mid portion of the tongue
Bitter is recognized on what portion of the tongue
Towards the back of the tongue
The constricted part of the tooth right at the gum line - the separation area between the crown and the root
The neck
The hardest substance in the body that covers the crown - it has the pressure to withstand
Does enamel repair itself?
What part of the teeth is the equivalent of bone marrow?
The pulp
What is the name for the space within the dentin that contains pulp?
The pulp cavity or the pulp chamber
The name for the area of tissue underneath the tongue that holds the tongue to the floor of the mouth
The lingual frenulum
The median sulcus divides what part of the tongue?
The right and left
Name for the small projections from the superior surface of the tongue
The papillae of the tongue
The smallest projection of tissue at the front of the tongue
Name for the large rounded things at the back of the tongue in a v-shape
Name for the row of tissue in back of the tongue
The lingual tonsils
The name for the 3 sets of glands that produce saliva
The salivary glands of the mouth
The largest of the salivary glands located in the cheeks in front of the lower part of the ears
The parotid glands
The opening on the incide of the cheek
The parotid duct
Located under the parotid glands opens to the floor of the duct to the Wharton's duct
The submandibular gland
The name for the 3-6 openings into the floor of the mouth - the smallest
Sublingual glands
The item that consists of voluntary muscle for voluntary contol of swallowing
The upper end of the esophagus
What is know as the most dilated portion of the GI tract, expanding to hold up to 1 quart of material?
The stomach
What shape is the stomach?
J shaped
How long is the lengh and width of the stomach?
10 inches long and 6 inches wide
What is the biggest, wides part of the stomach involved in the majority of the breakdown of proteins?
The body
The name for the left side of the stomach
The greater curvature
The name for the right side of the stomach
The lesser curvature
The area of the stomach above the opening of the esophogus known as the 2nd stomach - designed to let material rot - no excretions
The fundus
The opening from the esophogus to the stomach
The cardiac orifice
Where the esophogus comes in
The cardia
Another name for the lower esophageal sphincter
The caridac sphincter
The name for the beginning of the pylorus
The pyloric antrum
The name for the major part of the phylorus
The pyloric canal
The name for the opening of the pyloris and the SI
The pyloric orifice
The name for the 2nd of 1-way valves that keeps food moving in 1 direction
The pyloric sphincter
The muscle that gives the grinding function to the stomach
The Oblique muscle
The name for the inner lining of the stomach that has more secreting cells than the esophogas
The mucus membrane
The name for the item that folds and is capable of stretching when the stomach is filled
The name for the glands in the stomach that produce gastric juice.
Gastric gland
The item that makes pepsinogen that turns into pepsin
Chief cells
The part of the stomach that produces hydrochloric acid
The parietal cells
The duodenum, jejunum and the ilieum make up what part of the body?
The small intestine
What is the lengh of the SI?
21 feet long
This organ is the location of the majority of the processes of digestion and absorption of nutrients
The SI
What is the name of the cell that produces mucus and keeps pepsin and hydrochloric acid from eating up the stomach?
The goblet cell
What is needed for the absorption of vitamin B12?
The intrinsic factor
The name for the lymphatic vessel that takes fat molecules back to the heart
Name for food that's chewed in the mouth and mixed with salivary juice and turned into a mushy ball and swallowed
Name for the semi-fluid substance that's ejected by the stomach and bumped into the small intestine - where nutrients are extracted and absorbed
Name for chyme as it enters the large intestine
Shape of the duodenum
How many sections does the duodenum have?
What is found in the 1st part of the duodenum?
Gastric juice
The part of the duodenum that receives pancreatic juices - it is the longest
The 2nd part of the duodenum or the descending part
The part of the duodenum that is receiving food which travels towards the LI
The 3rd part of the duodenum or the ascending part
The part of the duodenum that is getting food
The 4 part of the duodenum
The name for the first 8 feet or the upper 2/5 of the SI
The jejunum
The name for the last 12 feet or the lower 3/5 of the SI
The ileum
The place where the SI joins up with the LI in the lower right quadrant
The ileocecal junction/valve
The item that contains huge #s of digestive glands deep in the mucus membrane with aborptive areas poking out
The mucuous membrane
The part of the SI that has a blood supply and lacteals
The villi or villus
Name for glands that are buried deep
Intestinal glands (crypts of Lieberkuhn)
What organ is described as being the picture frame that surrounds the SI?
The LI
Name for the 1st part of the LI - 2nd widest part of the GI tract next to the stomach - found in the lower rt quadrant
The cecum
The 3rd of the 1-way valve that separates food from feces
Ileocecal valve
The wormlike part of the LI that is 5-20 cm long - functions as a tonsil and protects body from bacteria
The vermiform apendix
The shortes part of the LI that is called a colong
Ascending colon
The place where ascending colong turns left under the liver
The right colic flexure or hepatic flexure