Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
osteon composed of
layers of lamellar bone surrounding a central canal
important bone fxns include
1. support of pelvic organs
2. protection of brain
3. mvmt of limbs
4. protection of skin
endosteum
membrane that lines the medullary cavity
osteoblasts
cells that produce bone matrix
after a fracture what happens
hemorrahage and hematoma
abduction
moves away from the midline
Achilles tendinitis
inflammation of the Achilles tendon caused by excessive stress
adduction
moves toward the midline
adhesion
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally and can form im muscles or internal jorgans as the result of an injury or surgery
anticholinergic
medication administered to control spasmodic activity of smooth muscle, such as those of the intestines; also known as an antispasmodic
ataxia
the inability to coordinate muscle activity
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy
weakness of wearing away of body tissues and structures caused by pathology or by disuse over a long period of time
atropine
an antispasmodic medication that may be administered properatively to relax smooth muscle
bradykinesia
extreme slowness in movement
circumduction
circular movement of a limb at the far end
flexion
a movement that decreases the angle of the joint and brings two bones closer together
extension
a movement that increases the angle, or the distance, between two bones
rotation
a movement of bone around a longitudinal axis
abduction
moving a limb away from the midline of the body
adduction
moving a limb toward the midline of the body
rectus adominus
a muscle named for the direction of muscle fibers
gluteus maximus
a muscle named for its relative size
zygomaticus
a muscle named for its location
sternocleidomastoid
a muscle named for the location of origin and insertion
deltoid
a muscle named for its shape
adductor
a muscle named for its action
endomysium
connective tissue enclosing each muscel fiber
perimysium
connective tissue enclosing several muscle fibers
fascile
bundle of muscle fibers
epimysium
connective tissue binding many fasciles together to form entire muscle
specialized smooth ER that stores calcium
sarcoplasmic reticulum
What is a sarcomere?
a unit of muscle cell from z disc to z disc
complex organelle composed of bundles of myofilaments
myofibril
plasma membrane of a skeletal muscle cell
sarcolemma
the junction between the neuron and the muscle cell
neuromuscular junction
gap between the nerve ending and muscle cell membrane
synaptic cleft