Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
in human physiology shells don not exceed ---- but ----- have been made in other cases
4 shells, 7 shells
valence electrons
electrons of the outermost shell that determine the chemical bonding properties of an atom
atoms tend to bond with other atoms that---
will fill its outer shell and produce a stable number of valence electrons
rules of eights
in order for an atom to be stable it mush have 8 electrons in outer shell
isotope
when the number of neutrons is varied from the predicted norm
radioisotopes
unstable isotopes
radioactivity
process of decay
high energy radiation ejects electrons from atoms, converting atoms to---
ions
ion
charged electron or molecule and have unequal number of protons and electrons
cation
postive charge of an ion
anion
negative charge of an ion
ionization
atom of the first kind is exposed to one of the 2nd kind they will transfer from one another and turn into ions
valance
charge of an ion
ions with ---charges are attracted to eachother and follow eachother through the body
negative
electrolytes
salts that ionize in water and form solutions capable of conducting electricity
electrolytes are important for
their chemical reactivity
electrolytes are important for
osmatic effects influence of water content and distribution in the body
electrolytes are important for
electrical effects(essential to nerve and muscle function