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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What two portions can the human organism be divided into?
axial portion
appendicular portion
What two cavities are within the axial portion?
dorsal cavity
ventral cavity
What does the axial portion consist of?
head, neck, trunk
What does the appendicular portion consist of?
upper and lower limbs
What two parts are in the dorsal cavity?
cranial cavity
vertebral canal
What organs are in the cranial cavity?
brain
What does the vertebral canal consist of?
spinal cavity (spinal cord)
sections of the backbone (vertebrae)
What two cavities does the ventral cavity have?
thoracic cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
What organs does the Thoracic cavity consist of?
diaphragm
lungs
heart
esophagus
What are the pleural membranes?

What is the pleural cavity?
visceral and parietal

potential space between the visceral and the parietal membranes
What membranes surround the heart?
pericardial
What is the mediastinum?
the region between the lungs that separates the thorax into compartments that contain the left and right lungs
What cavities are the abdominopelvic cavity?
abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity
What does the abdominal cavity contain?
stomach
liver
sleen
gallbladder
small and large intestines
What does the pelvic cavity contain?
rest of large intestine
bladder
reproductive organs
What are the membranes in the abdominoplevic cavity?
peritoneal membranes
What is superior?
above another part or closer to head
What is Inferior?
below another part or toward the feet
What is Anterior (ventral)?
toward the front
(eyes are anterior to the brain)
What is posterior (dorsal)?
toward the back
(pharynx is posterior to the oral cavity)
What is Medial?
closer to the midline(right and left halves of the body)

(nose is medial to eyes)
What is lateral?
toward the side of imaginary line splitting into right and left halves

(ears lateral to eyes)
What is ipsilateral?
same side

(spleen and colon are ispilateral)
What is Contralateral?
opposite sides

(spleen and gallbladder are contralateral)
What is proximal?
closer to the trunk

(elbow is proximal to the wrist)
What is Distal?
away from trunk

(fingers are distal to the wrist)
What is Superficial?
near the surface

(epidermis is superficial layer or the skin)
What is Deep?
more internal

(dermis is the deep layer of the skin)
What is the sagittal plane?
lengthwise cut that divides body into left and right portions, if it passes the midline and divides into equal parts, it is midsagittal
What is transverse plane?
(horizontal) a cut that divides body into superior and inferior portions
What is coronal plane?
divides body into anterior and posterior portions
What is the epigastric region?
upper middle portion
What is right/left hypochondriac regions?
on each side of the epigastric region
What is the umbilical region?
the central portion
What are the left/right lumbar regions?
on each side of the umbilical region
What is the hypogastric region?
lower middle portion
What are the right/left iliac regions?
on each side of hypogastric region
What are the 4 quadrants of the abdominal area?
Right upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Left lower quadrant