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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is it called when the stapes becomes less mobile?
Otosclerosis
What is the name of the disase that occurs when there is a low level of dopamine in the brain?
Parkinsons
What is the technical term for nearsightedness?
Myopia
What the technical name for the condition in which the cornea of the eye is irregularly curved?
Astigmatism
What is it called when there are disturbed electrical rhythms in the cerebrum?
Epilepsy
If someone has a high level of dopamine in their brains, what do they have?
Schizophrenia
What is it called when a person damages their hipocamups?
Amnesia
What is it called when a persons lens becomes cloudy?
Cataract
What is the technical term for farsightedness? It's commonly associated with elderly people.
Presbyopia
What is the proper name for when muscle mass is reduced because it is not used?
Atrophy
What happens when there is a great amount of stress put on the stomach?
Ulcer
What disease is treated with lithium drugs? (Hint: We watched a video on it)
Manic Depression
What is it called when there is too much melatonin in the brain?
Seasonal Depression
What are the four tastes?
Sweet, salty, sour, and bitter
What is called when there is damage to this plexus could cause abnormal arm growth.
Brachial
These must function correctly to control coordinated movement.
Spinal cord and eyes
If someones eyes are crossed, what cranial nerve is defective?
Abducens
What is the role of endolymph in the semicircular canal?
It maintains balance and the hairs of cortae respond to its movement.
Testosterone is produced by:
testicles
These parts of the nervous system control reflexes.
Brain stem and the spinal cord
How many basic smells are there?
Infinitely many.
What muscle flexes the head?
Sternocleomastoid
What flexed the trunks?
Iliopsis and the abs
What muscle abducts the upper arm?
Deltoid
What muscle extends the upper arm?
Triceps
Multiple sclerosis affects what?
The Nerves
What do you call the segmented wrapping around nerve fibers?
Myelin sheath
What are the gaps in the myelin sheath called?
Nodes of Ranvier
What neuro transmitter is deficient in Parkinsons?
Dopamine
Rodes and cones are 1 of 2 kinds of neurons. What are they?
Sensory and Bipolar
What is the common neuron type in the CNS?
Giant multipolar
What is the membrane around the myelin sheath?
Neurolemma
What ion is repsonsible for nerve transmitter to be released?
Calcium
Impulses travel faster along axons that are
Thicker in diameter
What is the name of a collection of cell bodies in the PNS?
Ganglia
Where are ganglia located?
Spinal cord
What are 3 components of 3-neuro ipsilateral reflex?
Sensory, motor, and inter
What neurotransmitter is produced in nissl bodies?
Acetylcholine
What is an example of a 2 neuron ipsilateral reflex?
Knee jerk
What ion is found outside of the neuron membrane?
Sodium
How many spinal nerves are there?
31
Cranial nerves can be...
Sensory, Motor, or both
The cell body of which neurons are found in ganglia?
Sensory
A coma and a seizure are two examples of a(n)...
ASC or Altered State of conciousness
The ___________ part of the brain is responsible for psychosomatic diseases.
hypothalamus
What are symptoms of spinal memengitis?
Stiff neck and a fever
If this nerve is pinched then it makes the leg and foot go numb.
Cyatic nerve
What part of the brain maintains equilibrium?
Cerebellum
What part of the brain relays sensory messages?
Thalamus
What part of the brain joins two cerebral hemispheres?
The Corpus Colossal
What are the instrinsic muscles of the eye?
Iris and ciliary muscle