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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Head
Smooth enlarged end of bone on constricted neck
Articular cartilage
Knuckle shape
Condyles
Smooth, rounded articular surface
Epicondyle
Prominence above a condyle
At distal end usually swelling of bone near the condoyle
Epicondyle
Prominence above a condyle
At distal end usually a selling of bone near the condoyle
Trochanter
Swellings of bone of femur (greater, lesser)
Fossa
Shallow depression (eg near elbow, space for ulna)
Tuberosity
Broad, roughened process (usually site of tendon insertion)
Mid-shaft
Tubercle
Small rounded process
Not usually associated with tendon attatchment
Sulcus
Groove or furrow
Trochlea
"Spindle/Pulley-shaped" articular surface (humerus)
Foramen
Opening that permits passage of blood vessels and nerves
Facet
Small, flat articular surface
Crest
Prominent ridge (means arm)
Ramus
Extension of bone making an angle with the rest of the structure
Spine
Short projection of bone
Line
Thi, continuous ridge of bone (eg pelvic ridge)
Meatus
Large body channel, tunnel or opening (eg external auditory meatus in ear)
Process
Marked prominence that extends from a structure
Similar to a ridge
Sinus
Mucus line, air-filled cavity (cranial) (with bone)
Alveolus
Bone sockets for the dentition (cranial) (helps socket in the teeth)
Fissure
Cleft, groove, or slit in bone (or between bones)
Axial skeleton is
Portion of skeleton downw midline of body
Appendicular skeleton is
That which comprises the pectoral and pelvic girdles and limbs
Axial skeleton includes
Skull (cranium, mandible)
Sternum (Manubrium, Body, Xiphoid)
Vertebrae (Cervical, THoracic, Lumbar, Sacral, and Coccygeal)
Ribs
Hyoid
Five different types of vertebrae
Cervical(C1-C7)
Thoracic(T1-T12)
Lumbar(L1-L5)
Sacral(5 fused)
Coccygeal (3-5 fused)
4 curves of spine
Primary: thoracic and sacral
Secondary: Cervical and Lumbar
2 develop in infancy
Krphosis
Abnormal curvature in primary curves
Scoliosis
Abnormal curvature in thoracic
Lordosis
Abnormal curvature in thoracic
All cervical vertebrae have this in common
artebral foramen for passage of blood
The typical cervical vertebrae
C3-C7
Have bifid sinous process (c2-c6)
Large transverse foramen
C1
(Atlas)
No body or spine
Supports cranium via later masses
C2
(axis)
Modified body
Prominent dens allows for pivot motion
Thoracic vertebrae
Increase in size caudally
Have costal facets on vertebral body (demifacets) and a transverse process
Lumbar vertebrae
Large, robust, kidney-shaped bodies
Sacrum
Single bone made of a fusion
Forms tight joint with pelvis that allows little movement and ability to walk
Coccyx
Single bone of fusion 3-5 vertebrae
Sternum
AKA Breastbone
Formed from Manubrium, body, xiphoid process
Provide attatchment areas for the costal cartilages
Protection for thorax