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102 Cards in this Set

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anterior
Situated in front of or toward the front of a body part or organ. Term also used in reference to ventral or belly surface of the body. Frontal is a common synonym for anterior.
coronal
Division of the body into anterior and posterior sections. Also called frontal plane. Can mean pertaining to the head or the crown.
distal
Remote; farther from the trunk of the body or attachment point; opposite of proximal. (The elbow is proximal to the wrist but distal to the shoulder).
dorsal
Pertaining to the back; also used to denote a position that is more toward the back than another object of reference. Sometimes called posterior.
inferior
Situated below or directed downward; also used to denote the lower portion of an organ or the lower of two structures. Sometimes called caudal.
lateral
Pertaining to the side; denoting a position farther from the midline (median plane) of a structure.
medial
Pertaining to the middle; closer to the midline of a body; pertaining to the middle layer.
posterior
Situated in the back; also used in reference to the back or dorsal surface of the body
proximal
Near; closer to the trunk of the body or attachment point; opposite of distal. (The elbow is proximal to the wrist but distal to the shoulder).
saggital
Division of body into left and right sides in a vertical lengthwise fashion.
superior
Situated above, or directed upward; in official anatomic nomenclature, used in reference to the upper surface of an organ or other structure, or to a structure occupying a higher position.
transverse
A horizontal plane situated at right angles to the long axis, or sagittal and coronal planes; placed crosswise.
ventral
Pertaining to the abdomen; used to denote a position that is more toward the belly/abdominal surface than some other object of reference.
frontalis
muscle above the eye
temporalis
muscle in temple
orbicularis occuli
muscle surrounding the eye
buccinator
cheek muscle
orbicularis oris
muscle around the lips
triangularis
muscle of the lower jaw
corrugator
muscle on the forehead, worry lines
nasalis
muscle on the nose
levator labii superioris
a muscle which lifts and is above the lips
greater zygomatic
face muscle
masseter
muscle found in lower jaw
platysma
muscle runs from lower jaw to neck
occipitalis
muscle covers the occipital region of the skull.
lateral pterygoid
This is a muscle of mastication. It originates on the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone. It moves the mandible and limits sideways jaw movement.
medial pterygoid
Also a muscle of mastication. Both pterygoid muscles are on the inside of the mandible. The medial pterygoid elevates the jaw and provides sideways jaw movement.
risorius
The risorius originates on the side of the face and inserts on the orbicularis oris muscle. It draws the angle of the mouth laterally (to the side) and enables the human being to smile.
mentalis
The mentalis muscle originates on the chin and goes into the orbicularis oris muscle. It elevates and protrudes the lower lip. Basically it allows for pouting.
depressor labii inferioris
This muscle also originates on the mandible and inserts on to the orbicularis muscle. It depresses the bottom lip.
depressor anguli oris
This muscle originates on the lower part of the mandible. It pulls down the angle of the mouth.
sternocleidomastoid
muscle in neck
digastric
muscle under jaw
hyoglossus
muscle under jaw
omohyoid
muscle in front of neck
sternohyoid
muscle in front of neck
trapezius
torso muscle
deltoid
torso muscle
pectoralis major
torso muscle
serratus anterior
torso muscle
linea alba
torso muscle
external oblique
torso muscle
umbilicus
belly button
rectus abdominis
torso muscle
infraspinatus
back muscle
teres minor/major
back muscle
latissimus dorsi
back muscle
gluteus medius
butt muscle
supraspinatus
back muscle
rhomboid
back muscle
erector spinae group
back muscles
lumbar aponeurosis
back muscle
coracobrachialis
arm muscle
brachialis
arm muscle
triceps
arm muscle
flexor carpi ulnaris
arm muscle
flexor digitorum superficialis
arm muscle
hypothenar muscles
hand muscle
palmar aponeurosis
hand muscle
abductor pollicis brevis
hand muscle
biceps brachii
arm muscle
brachioradialis
arm muscle
flexor carpi radialis
arm muscle
palmaris longus
arm muscle
flexor retinaculum
wrist muscle
anconeus
Located on the back of the humerus, it extends the forearm
extensor digiti minimi
A long narrow muscle located on the ulnar side of the extensor digitorum communis muscle. It assists in extension of the wrist and little finger.
extensor digitorum communis
Positioned in the center of the forearm along the posterior surface. Its tendon divides into four tendons beneath the extensor retinaculum, which attach to the distal tips of fingers one through four.
flexor digitorum profundus
Lies just underneath the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle. This muscle flexes the distal ends of the fingers (but not the thumb).
pronator teres
Positioned in upper middle part of the forearm. It arises from the epicondyle (a prominence or projection on a bone). It turns the hand downwards (called pronation) and flexes the elbow.
epicondyle
A prominence or projection on a bone.
pronator quadratus
Positioned deep and extends between the ulna and radius. It works with the other pronator muscle to rotate the palm of the hand down, as well as position the thumb medially
supinator
Positioned around the upper portion of the radius. It works with the biceps to turn the palm upwards (called supination).
tensor faschiae latae
leg muscle
sartorius
leg muscle
rectus femoris
leg muscle
vastus latoralis
leg muscle
peroneus longus
leg muscle
peroneus brevis
leg muscle
lateral malleolus
leg muscle
extensor digitorum longus
leg muscle
iliopsoas
leg muscle
pectineus
leg muscle
adductor longus
leg muscle
gracilis
leg muscle
vastus medialis
leg muscle
gastrocnemius
leg muscle
anterior tibial
leg muscle
extensor hallucis longus
leg muscle
medial malleolus
leg muscle
extensor retinaculum
leg muscle
adductor magnus
leg muscle
semitendinosus
leg muscle
semimembranosus
leg muscle
soleus
leg muscle
calcaneal tendon
achilles heel
gluteus maximus
butt muscle
iliotibial tract
leg muscle
biceps femoris
leg muscle
peroneus longus
leg muscle
peroneus brevis
leg muscle