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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what organs pass through the pelvic floor of females and males
FEMALES:
-urethra
-rectum
-vagina

MALES:
-membranous urethra
-rectum
what makes up the skeletal framework of the pelvis
2 hip bones
sacrum
coccxy
where is the true pelvis and whats found in it
inferior to the pelvic brim
has the rectum, uterus, prostate, bladder, ovaries
where is the false pelvis found
from iliac crest to the pelvic brim
describe the difference between the male and female pelvis (6 things)
MALE
1. heavy bone
2. angle of pubic arch is less than 90 degrees
3. ilium not flared
4. funnel-shaped opening
5. pelvic outlet and inlet (pelvic brim) are both smaller, pelvic brim is heart shaped
6. iliac fossa is more depressed

FEMALE
1. thinner pelvis
2. angle of pubic arch greater than 90 degrees
3. flared ilium (hippy)
4. more oval-shaped pelvic inlet
5. pelvic outlets are much bigger
6. iliac fossa is not as depressed
what are the organs of the male pelvic cavity
sigmoid colon
rectum
urinary bladder
ureters
vas (ductus) deferense
semial vesicles
prostate gland
what are the organs of the female pelvic cavity
sigmoid colon
rectum
bladder
ureter
ovaries
uterus
vagina
what is the trigone of the male bladder
the 3 openings that bind smooth muscle together:
opening of the right ureter
opening of the left ureter
opening of the urethra
name the 3 sections of the male urethra
1. prostatic urethra - part that passes through the prostate gland
2. membraneous urethra - part that passes through the pelvis floor
3. spongy urethra (corpus spongiosum) - part that is in the erectile tissue
what is the main difference between male and female urinary bladder
the female urinary bladder is sitting on the superior surface
where are the fallopian tubes located
hangs laterally from uterus, in the free margin of broad ligament
what is the broad ligament
double layer of peritoneum that holds the uterus to the lateral wall and the floor of the pelvis
what are the 3 parts of the fallopian tubes
isthumus
ampulla - where fertilization takes place
infundibulum - has fimbria at the end of them
why are females more likely to get peritonitis
because the peritoneal cavity is open to the external surface
where are ovaries attached to
-ovaries are attached to the posterior wall of the broad ligament
what connects the ovary to the uterus
ligament of the ovary
what does the round ligament do
connects the uterus to labia majora
what is the fornix
space that surrounds the cervix inside the vagina
where does the blood supply for the uterus and vagina come from
the internal iliac artery
what is the epididymis and where is it found
epididymis is found
-inside the scrotum sac
- posterior aspect of the testes

Function
-recieves sperm from the testes
-this is where sperm matures
what is the vas (ductus) deferens
-recieves sperm from epididymis (so tube that carries sperm)
-a big duct that goes to prostate gland
what is the important landmark for male reproductive system
lateral umbilical folds
-allows for the passage of tubes and vessels
what are the contents of the spermatic cord
1. vas deferens - tube that carries sperm
2. testicular artery
3. pampinoform plexus - plexus of veins; begins in testes and come together to form testicular vein
what 4 structures does the spermatic cord travel through
1. Superficial Inguinal Ring - beginning of inguinal canal
2. Inguinal Canal - between the rings, made up of muscles
3. Deep Inguinal Ring - made up of the outpounching of the transversalis fascia
4. Vas Deferens - goes to the prostate by traveling over the external iliac, into the pelvis and on to the bladder
what are the coverings of the spermatic cord
external spermatic fascia
cremaster muscle and fascia
internal spermatic fascia
what is tunica vaginalis
the remnant of a structure called the processus vaginales
what is processus vaginales
a structure that came from the peritoneum during the descent of the testes
what is the gubernaculum
connective tissue that connects to the developing testes, to the area thats going to be the scrotum

**Gubernaculum governs the descent of the testes
what does the gubernaculum become in females
it becomes the round ligament in females

(it degrades in males)
at what level do the testes develop
testes develop at the level of the kidneys
how do the 2 peritoneum layers become associated with the testes
-one membrane will adhere tightly to the testicular wall

-one membrane will be a part of the sac
what is a hernia
an outpouching of structures like fat or organs through a an opening, where it should not be pouching through
what is indirect inguinal hernia
-a congenital hernia caused by a portion of the processus vaginalis not collapsing.

-will go though the iguinal canal just like the testes

- always lateral to the lateral umbilical fold because they go through the deep inguinal ring and may end up in the scrotum
what are the characteristics of direct inguinal hernia
-medial to lateral umbilical fold

-usually formed in between the lateral umbilical fold and rectus abdominus

- does not go through the deep inguinal ring

-caused by use, like picking up something heavy
what is the function of urethra in males and females
males - urine and sperm
females - urine
what is the path of the sperm from testes
vas deferense - ejaculatory duct - the prostatic urethra - the rest of the urethra