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153 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adnexa
Ovaries and fallopian tubes
Afebrile
Without fever
Ambulatory
Able to move about; not confined to a bed
Aneurysm
A widening of a blood vessel due to pressure on weakened tissues causing formation of a sac of blood that may become clotted
Angina
A severe, often constricting pain, usually referring to the chest
Anisarca
Total body swelling
Aphasia
Inability to express oneself through speech
Appendectomy
Surgical removal of the appendix
Arrhythmia
Disturbance of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart
Artery
Blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Arthralgia
Pain associated with a joint
Articulation
Connection between bones
Ascites
Accumulation of serious fluid in the abdominal cavity
Atelectasis
Partial or total collapse of lung tissue
Avulsion
A forcible pulling away of a part or structure
Axilla
Armpit
Bradycardia
Unusually slow heart beat (rate)
Bradypnea
Abnormally slow breathing
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchi, usually infectious
Bruit
A murmur or sound heard in auscultation
Cachectic
State of general ill appearance and malnutrition
Cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart
Cellulitis
Inflammation of subcutaneous, loose connective tissue; skin infection
Cerumen
Ear wax
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus
Cholecystectomy
Surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
Production of gallstones
Cirrhosis
Inflammation of an organ by degenerative changes, especially the liver
Colectomy
Excision of part of the large intestine or colon
Colostomy
Surgical procedure that provides an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
Conjunctiva
Inner lining of the eyelid
Contusion
A mechanical injury causing hemorrhage beneath the unbroken skin; bruise
Cornea
Transparent coat of the eyeball covering the iris and pupil, allowing light into the eye
Crepitance
A crackling or grating sound, usually of bones
Cyanotic
Pertaining to a bluish or slatelike skin color
Debridement
Removal of foreign matter or dead tissue from a wound
Dehiscence
A separation of layers, usually of surgical incision
Dentition
The teeth in situ or in the dental arch
Dermis
True skin, beneath the epidermis
Diaphoresis
Excessive or profuse sweating or perspiration
Diarrhea
An abnormal, frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter from the bowel
Differential diagnosis
A diagnosis of symptoms of two or more diseases by comparison
Dorsiflexion
Backward flexion, as in bending backward either a hand or foot
Dysmenorrhea
Painful menstruation
Dyspareunia
Painful intercoarse
Dyspepsia
Indigestion
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Dysphasia
Loss of or deficiency in the power to understand language as a result of injury or disease to the brain
Dyspnea
Difficult or labored breathing, shortness of breath
Dysuria
Painful urination
Ecchymosis
Hemorrhagic, non-elevated, irregularly-formed, discolored area of skin caused by the seepage of blood beneath the epidermis; bruise
Eczema
Inflammatory condition of the skin which may be acute or chronic, characterized by itching or burning, tiny papules and vesicles, oozing, crusting, and scaling
Edema
Swelling of body tissues due to an excessive accumulation of fluid in connective tissue or a serous cavity
Edentulous
Without teeth
Effusion
Escape of fluid into a cavity
Emaciate
To become extremely thin or lean; wasting
Embolism
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot of blood or foreign substance
Emesis
Vomit
Epistaxis
Hemorrhage from the nose; nose bleeding
Erythema
Unusual redness of the skin caused by capillary congestion
Etiology
Cause of disease and their mode of operation
Euthymic
The state of joyfulness; mental peace and tranquility
Fascia
Fibrous membrane of connective tissue supporting, and separating muscles and body organs
Febrile
Pertaining to having a fever
Fluorescein
Red, crystalline substance used in diagnostic examination of the eye to detect corneal lesions, abrasions, or foreign bodies
Fontanel
Any of the spaces closed by membranous structures between the uncompleted angles of the parietal bones and the neighboring bones of a fetal or young skull
Fundus
The large, upper end of the uterus; also the bottom aperture of the internal surface of a hollow organ (e.g. eye)
Gingiva
Gums
Grand mal
Severe epileptic attack characterized by entire body convulsions, stupor, and temporary loss of conscious
Gravid
Being pregnant
Hallucinations
The apparent, often strong subjective perception of an object or even when no such stimulus or situation is present; may be visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, or tactile
Hemangioma
Tumor consisting of blood vessels
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Hematochezia
Blood in the stool
Hematoma
Swelling of blood which occurs in an organ or tissue resulting from ruptured blood vessels
Hematuria
Blood in the urine
Hemoptysis
Spitting of blood; bloodstained sputum
Hemorrhage
Excessive or profuse bleeding
Hemothorax
Blood fluid present in the pleural cavity
Hepatosplenomegaly
Enlargement of the liver and spleen
Hyperkalemia
An abnormally high concentration of potassium ions in the blood; high potassium
Hypernatremia
An abnormally high plasma concentration of sodium ions; high sodium
Hypertension
Persistently high arterial blood pressure
Hypotension
Persistently low arterial blood pressure
Lleus
The presence of Air/Fluid levels on Abdominal X-rays
Induration
Act of hardening; a specific area of hardened tissue
Infarct
Necrotic area of tissue following cessation of the blood supply
Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin region
Ischemia
Temporary and localized anemia due to restricting circulation to a part
Joint
Articulation or junction between to or more bones or cartilage
Keloid
Scar formation consisting of dense tissue
Lacrimal
To do with tears
Ligament
Fibrous tissue, binding bones together
Lingual
Belonging to the tongue
Lymphadenopathy
Enlargement of a lymph node
Macule
Small colored spot on the skin
Malaise
Generalized discomfort or weakness
Malleolus
Projections on either side of the ankle joint from the lower leg bones
Malocclusion
Imperfect closure or meeting of opposing teeth
Mastectomy
Surgical excision of the breast
Melena
Black tarry stool
Menorrhagia
Abnormally heavy menstruation
Myalgia
Muscular pain
Nares
Nostrils (singular: naris)
Neuralgia
Sharp pain along the course of a nerve or several nerves
Nystagmus
Involuntary rapid eye movements
Occiput
Back part of the skull
Odynophagia
Painful swallowing
Olecranon
Large bony projection of the ulna forming the elbow joint
Ophthalmalgia
Pain in the eye
Os
Mouth, orifice
Pallor
Paleness to the skin
Palpable
Able to be touched or easily percieved
Para
Woman who has given birth to one or more viable offspring; the number of viable offspring born by a woman
Paresthesia
Abnormal tactile sensation often described as creeping, burning, tingling, or numbness
Paronychia
Inflammation of the tissue surrounding the nail
Paroxysmal
Describes a sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms
Petechia
Tiny red spot occurring on the skin caused by a small amount of escaping blood
Photophobia
Abnormal intolerance to light
Pleurisy
Painful inflammation of the pleura
Pneumothorax
Presence of air or gas in the pleural space that may occur spontaneously, due to trauma, or deliberately introduced in a collapsed lung
Popliteal fossa
The ham (back) of the knee
Psoriasis
Skin disease/disorder
Purulent
Consisting of matter or pus; resembling pus
Rale
Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation; crackles
Rhinorrhea
Thin, watery discharge from the nose
Rhonchi
A whistling or snoring sound heard on auscultation of the chest when air channels are partially obstructed; the plural of rhonchus; wheezes
Sciatic
Pertaining to the ischium or hip
Sclera
Dense fibrous opaque outer coat enclosing the eyeball except the part covered by the cornea
Seizures
An attack; sudden onset of a disease or of certain symptoms
Sepsis
Presence of pathological microorganisms or their toxins in the blood
Shaft
Long, slender portion of a long bone
Sputum
Spittle, any mixed matter with saliva that is expectorated through the mouth
Stellate
Star-shaped; radiating from a center
Stenosis
Narrowing of a body opening or passage
Stridor
Harsh or high-pitched respiratory sound, caused by an obstruction of the air passages
Syncope
Loss of consciousness; to faint
Tachycardia
Abnormal rapid heart beat
Tachypnea
Extremely rapid respiration
Thoracostomy
Procedure to install a chest tube
Thoracotomy
Surgical cutting into the chest wall
Tinea
Any of many different superficial fungal infections of the skin
Tinnitis
A ringing in the ears
Tonsillectomy
Surgical excision of a tonsil
Torsion
The twisting of a bodily organ on its own axis (e.g. ovary/fallopian tubes, testicle/vas deferens, etc.)
Trismus
Spasm of the masticatory muscles; difficulty opening mouth
Turgor
Condition of being distended or swollen; normal fullness
Urticaria
Hives or wheals which are either redder or paler than the surrounding area and are often attended by itching
Vein
Vessel carrying deoxygenated blood to the heart, excluding pulmonary veins
Vertigo
Condition of dizziness, often described as a room spinning sensation
Wheal
Round, localized area of edema on the skin attended by severe itching which vanishes quickly
Wheeze
Difficult breathing with a whistling sound resulting from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageways