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19 Cards in this Set

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Superior/Cranial
A part is above another part, or closer to the head
Inferior/Caudal
A part is below another part, or toward the feet
Anterior / Ventral
Means toward the front or a structure being more in front than another structure in the body
Posterior/Dorsal
Is opposite of anterior; it means toward the back or a structure being more in back than another structure in the body
Medial
Relates to an imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves. A part is medial if it is closer to this line than another part
Lateral
Away from midline
Ipsilateral
Pertains to the same side (the spleen and the descending colon are ipsilateral)
Contralateral
Refers to opposite side (The spleen and the gallbladder are contraleteral)
Proximal
The part that is closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference such as the root of a limb than another part refers to limbs only (usually being superior to the other)
Distal
The opposite of proximal. A particular body part is farther from the trunk of the body or another specified point of reference such as the root of a limb or the median than another part. Refers to limbs only (usually being inferior to the other)
Superficial
Situated near the surface
Peripheral
Outward or near the surface (used to describe the location of certain blood vessels and nerves)
Deep
Parts that are more internal
Sagittal
Lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions parallel to the median plane. If a sagittal section passes along the midline and divides the body into to equal parts, it is called median (medialsagittal)
Transverse / Horizontal
A cut that divides the body into superior (cranial) and inferior (caudal) portions. Perpendicular median.
Coronal/ Frontal
The part of the body that divides that body into unequal/ equal front and back or anterior and posterior portions
Cross Section
A cut across a cylindrical organ such as a blood vessel
Oblique Section
Angular Cut
Longitudinal Section
Lengthwise Cut