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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Weak Electrolyte
partial ionization or partial dissociation
BrØnstead-Lowry Acid
a proton donor
What is the conjugate acid of a BrØnstead-Lowry Base?
the conjugate acid is formed when a base accepts a proton
What is neutralization in terms of BrØnstead-Lowry concept?
acid/base reaction
Amphiprotic Solvent
Species that can either donate or accept a proton
the spontaneous reaction of molecules of a substance to give a pair of ions
Strong Acid
complete dissociation
Le Chatelier Principle
the position of an equilbrium always shifts in such a direction as to relieve a stress that is applied to the system
Common-Ion Effect
the reduction in a solublilty of an ionic precipitate when a soluble compound combining one of the ions of the precipitate is added to the solution in equilibrium with the precipitate
How do you get a conjugate base from an acid?
remove a H+
How do you get a conjugate acid from a base?
add a H+
How is La Chatelier's principle applied?
Take out an ion reaction will favor same side.
Add a ion reaction will favor opposite side.
What is an electrolyte?
a solute wich ionizes in a solvent to produce an electrically conducting medium.
What side of a chemical equations do large K's favor?
the right side "products"
What side of a chemical equations do small K's favor?
the left side "reactants"
According to the Bronsted-Lowry model how does an acid act in water?
as a proton donor, it forms H3O+
According to the Bronsted-Lowry model how does an base act in water?
as a proton aceptor, the H+ moves from the water to the base
What do you do if you add chemical equations?
you multiply the equilbrium constants
What do you do if you want to switch the aproach on a chemical equation to right to left?
take the inverse of the equilbrium constant
When can a charge balance equation be written?
if the entire chemistry of a system is known
How can ions in a solution be seperated?
by using a reagent that will remove one ion from solution by forming a precipitate
What does solubility of a precipitate do with increases in concentration?
solubility generally increases
What happens to Ksp's when varying electrolyte concentration?
they can vary
Ionic Strength Equation
Dilution Equation
Charge Balance Equation