Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/167

Click to flip

167 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which fascia forms the roof of the posterior triangle of the neck
Investing Fascia
What Fascia contributes to the carotid sheath?
PIP
Investing fascia
Pretracheal fascia
Prevertebral fascia
Fascia that attach to ligamentum nuchae and vertebral processes
Investing Fascia
Prevertebral Fascia
What structures are enveloped by the Pretrachial Fascia?
(Peter LETT)
Thyroid Gland
Larynx
Esophagus
Trachea
Branches of costocervical trunk
Deep cervical arteries
Superior intercostal artery
Boundaries of Anterior triangle of the neck
Post border - sternocleidomastoid
Inf border - Mandible
Ant border - Ant midline
What are boundaries of the submandibular triangle
Inferior border of mandible
anterior belly of digastric
Posterior belly of digastric
Branches of External Carotid Artery
"Suzy Always Lays Flat On Pillows Making Sex Terrific":
Superior thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
Facial
Occipital
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Superficial Temporal
Boundaries of submental triangle
Body of hyoid bone
R and L ant bellys of Anterior digastric
Boundaries of carotid triangle
Superior belly of omohyoid
Post belly of digastric
Anterior border of SCM
What nerves contribute to cervical plexus?
Ventral Rami of cervical nerves C1-4
Branches of Internal Carotid and Internal Thoracic arteries
No branches in the neck
Muscles innervated by cervial plexus
Geniohyoid C1
Omohyoid (ansa)
Sternohyoid (ansa)
sternothyroid (ansa)
Thyroid hyoid C1
Branches of external carotid artery
diagram
Branches of subclavian
VIC T
Costocervical trunk
Internal thoracic artery
Thyrocervical trunk
Vertebral artery
Tributaries to retromandibular vein
Superficial temporal vein
Maxiallry vein
Branches of thyrocervical trunk (artery)
Inferior Thyroid a
Ascending cervical a
Suprascapular a
Transverse cervical a
The Muscles that attach to the annulus tendineus
Super rectus
Inferior Rectus
Medial Rectus
Lateral Rectus
Function of Superior Oblique Muscle
Medial Rotate Eye
Depress and ABduct
CN IV Trochlear
Function of Inferior Oblique Muscle
Laterally Rotate Eye
Elevate and ABduct
CN III
Veins that form EXTERNAL jugular vein (empties into subclavian vein)
Posterior auricular
retromandibular
Branches of vagus nerve in anterior triangle of neck
Superior laryngeal nerve
external laryngeal nerve
internal laryngeal nerve
Inferior laryngeal nerve (recurrent)
Tributaries of INTERNAL jugular vein
"Medical Schools Let Confident People In":
From inferior to superior:
Middle thyroid
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Common facial
Pharyngeal
Inferior petrosal sinus
Occipital vein
Structures INSIDE annulus tendineus
NOON O
Nasocilliary Nerve VI
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve
abducens Nerve
Opthalmic Artery
Structures OUTSIDE annulus tendineus
TFL
Trochlear Nerve
Frontal Nerve V1
Lacrimal Nerve V1
(Opthalmic Vein)
Contents of the carotid sheath
VIC
Common carotid artery
Internal jugular vein
Vagus nerve
tributaries of retromandibular vein
Maxillary vein
superficial temporal vein
Function of SUPERIOR RECTUS Occular Muscle
Elevate and ADduct eye
Medially Rotate
CN III
Layers of the deep cervical fascia of the neck
PIP
Investing Fascia
Pretracheal fascia
Prevertebral fascia
Muscles of the neck that attach to skull
Digastric - post belly
Longissmus capitis
SCM
Stylohyoid
Sup pharyngeal constrictor
Function of INFERIOR RECTUS Occular Muscle
Depress and ADduct eye
Laterally Rotate
CN III
Muscles of neck that attach to hyoid bone
"Christ, He Didn't Screw Girls Much. That's Obvious, Stupid":
• The first sentence is for 6 muscles attaching superiorly, the second sentence is for 3 muscles attaching inferiorly.
• Both sentences are in order from lateral to medial:
Constricter (middle)
Hyoglossus
Digastric
Stylohyoid
Geniohyoid
Myloyoid
Thyrohyoid
Omohyoid
Sternohyoid
Function of MEDIAL RECTUS Occular Muscle
ADducts eye
CN III
Function of LATERAL RECTUS Occular Muscle
ABducts eye
Abducens nerve CN VI
Forms the floor of the posterior triangle of the neck
Prevertebral fascia
covers the scalenes
Muscles of the neck that attach to sternum
SCM
Sternohyoid
Sternothyroid
Eyeball
Origin of PARAsymp
Synapse
How do post axons reach target
Occulomotor III
Ciliary ganglion
short ciliary nerves
Muscles of neck that attach to mandible
Digastric - ant belly
Geniohyoid
mylohyoid
Sup pharyngeal constrictor
What Fascia encloses the SCM and trapezius
Investing Fascia
Most superficial layer of deep cervical fascia
Eyeball
Origin of SYMpathics
Synapse
How do post axons reach target
T1-4
Superior cervical ganglion
Via arteries to orbit
Eyeball
Function of AUTONOMIC
PARAsympathetics
Constrict the pupil
Lens accommodation
Muscles innervated by ansa cervicalis
"GHost THought SOmeone STupid SHot Irene":
Geniohyoid
Thyrohyoid
Superior Omohyoid
Sternothyroid
Sternohyoid
Inferior omohyoid
The buccopharyngeal fascia is continuous with which fascia of the neck?
Pretracheal fascia
Eyeball
Function of AUTONOMIC
SYMpathetics
Dilation of Pupil
Muscles innervated by EXTERNAL laryngeal nerve
cricothyroid
Bones of Medial wall of orbit
Ethmoid
Lacrimal
Frontal
Sphenoid
Muscles of neck innervated by facial nerve
Digastric - post belly
Stylohyoid
(middle ear = muscles of facial expression)
Bones of Lateral wall of orbit
Zygomatic
Sphenoid - greater wing
Bones of floor of the orbit
Maxillary
Palatine
zygomatic
Bones of roof of orbit
Frontal
Sphenoid - lesser wing
Innervated by inferior (recurrent) laryngeal nerve
Aryepiglotticus
Arytenoideus (transverse + oblique)
Lateral cricothyroid
Post cricothyroid
Thyroarytenoideus
Thyroepiglotticus
Vocalis
Nerves that supply TASTE to tongue
Ant 2/3 - Chorda Tympani (VII)
Post 1/3 - Glossopharyngeal
Base - Vagus (X)
Innervated by Mylohyoid nerve
Digastric - ant belly
Mylohoid
Nerves that supply SENSATION to tongue
Ant 2/3 - trigem - lingal branch
Post 1/3 - Glossopharyngeal
Nerves that INNERVATE tongue muscles
Hypoglossal (XII)
Supply sensory and AUTOnomic innervation to larynx
Internal laryngeal nerve (superior to vocal cords)
Inferior laryngeal nerve
(Inferior to vocal cords)
Extrinsic muscles of the tongue
Genioglossus
Hyoglossus
Styloglossus
Structures that lie lateral to hyoglossus
Lingual Nerve
Hypoglossal Nerve
Submandibular Duct
Structures that lie MEDIAL to hyoglossus
Lingual Atery
Parotid Gland - PARAsym
CN preganglionic
Ganglion
postganglionic Nerve
Glossopharyngeal (CN IX)
Otic Ganglion
Auriculotemporal Nerve V3
Submandibular Gland - PARAsym
CN preganglionic
Ganglion
postganglionic Nerve
Facial CN VII
Submandibular Ganglion
Lingual Nerve V3
Sublingual Gland - PARAsym
CN preganglionic
Ganglion
postganglionic Nerve
Facial CN VII
Submandibular Ganglion
Lingual Nerve V3
Opening for parotid gland
near upper second molar
duct pierces buccinator
Opening for submandibular gland
Lateral to frenulum of the tongue
Opening for Sublingual gland
Floor of the mouth
Pharyngeal muscles are innverated by the ____nerve.
Nerve fibers carried to pharynx by ______ nerve
Accessory nerve
Vagus nerve
Bones of the hard palate
Palatine
Maxilla
Muscles of the soft palate
Tensor veli palatini V3
Levator veli palatini - vagus
Musculus uvulae - vagus
Palatopharyngeus - vagus
Palatoglossus - vagus
Palatine tonsil lies between
Palatopharyngeus arch and Palatoglossus arch
Sinuses contributing to confluence of sinuses
Straight sinus
transverse sinus
Sup. sagittal sinus
Occipital sinus
dural sinuses that empty into jugular fossa
Sigmoid sinus and
inferior petrosal sinus
What CNs lie in lateral wall of cavernous sinus
Occulomotor III
Trochlear IV
Opthalmic V1
Abducens (VI) and int. carotid artery pass through sinus
Space between vocal cords
Rima glottis
Conus elasticus spans from ___ to ____
Continuous with
from arytenoid cartilage to thyroid laminae
Continuous with cricothyroid membrane
attaches to cricothyroid cartilage
Arteries that supply larynx
Superior thyroid (ext carotid)
Inferior thyroid (thyroc trunk)
Nerves that innervate intrinsic muscles of neck
External laryngeal nerve
inferior laryngeal nerve (recurrent)
ADduct vocal cords
Lateral cricoarytenoids
Cricothyroids
Arytenoids
Components of oculomotor nerve III
Somatic motor
AUTOnomic motor (PARA)
Components of trochlear nerve IV
Motor
Components of trigeminal nerve V
General sensory (somatic)
Motor
Components of abducens nerve VI
Motor
Components of Facial nerve VII
General sensory (visceral and somatic)
Motor
Taste
Components of Vestibulocochlear nerve VIII
Auditory
Equilibrium
Components of glossopharyngeal nerve IX
General sensory (Visceral, Somatic)
Motor
Taste
Components of Vagus nerve X
General sensory (Visceral auto, Somatic)
Auto Motor - PARA
Taste
Components of Accessory nerve XI
Motor
Components of Hypoglossal nerve XII
Motor
Nerves
General Sensory
Somatic
V trigem
VII Facial
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
Nerves
General Somatic efferent
III Occulomotor
IV Trochlear
V Trigem
VI Abducens
VII Facial
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
XI Accessory
XII Hypoglossal
Nerves
General Sensory
Visceral
VII facial
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
CN with AUTOnomic Motor
III Occulomotor
VII Facial
IX Glossopharygeal
X Vagus
CN components to taste
VII Facial
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
Somatic function of occulomotor III
Innervation of 4 occular muscles
SR, IR, MR, Inf oblique
AUTOnomic fxn of occulomotor III
Dilation of pupil
Function of trochlear nerve
Superior Oblique eye
Medial rotation (depression)
Motor fxn of trigeminal nerve
Mastication Muscles
Open mouth (Mylohyoid, ant digastric)
Tenses palate (tensor v palatini)
Dampens sound waves (Tensor tympani)
Sensory fxn of trigeminal nerve
sensory innervation of face
ant 2/3 tongue
meninges
Sensory fxn of Facial nerve VII
External ear
mastoid regoin
Taste to ant 2/3 tongue
taste buds soft palate
Skeletal MOTOR fxn of Facial nerve VII
Facial Expression
Raise hyoid bone (stylohoid, post digastirc)
Movement of stapes (stapedius)
AUTOnomic fxn of facial nerve VII
submand, sublingual and lacrimal glad secretion
palate and nasal secretions
Sensory to middle ear mucus
Fxn of vestibulocochlear nerve VIII
Hearing and equilibrium
SENSORY fxn of Glossopharyngeal Nerve IX
Sensation to ext ear, post 1/3 tongue
Mucus of tongue and and pharynx
tympanic cavity
chemoreceptors and pressure rec of carotid body and sinus
taste post 1/3 tongue
Skeletal motor of Glossopharyngeal Nerve IX
Raise pharynx (stylopharyngeus)
AUTOnomic fxn Glossopharyngeal Nerve IX
Secretomotor to parotid gland
Sensory
Sensory fxn of vagus nerve X
General Visceral
Somatic to external ear
tatste to epiglottic and pahryngeal area
SKELETAL fxn of Vagus nerve X
Elevate palate (Lev v palatini)
Swallowing
Intrinsic pharyngeal muscles (some Accessory nerve fibers)
AUTOnomic fxn of vagus nerve X
Secretomotor to pharynx, larynx, GI
Peristalsis
Dec heart rate
constricts coronary arteries
constricts bronchi
Fxns of Accessory nerve XI
Turn head to opposite side (SCM)
Scapula (Trapezius)
Intrinsic muscles of larynx (phonation)
Fxns of Hypoglossal nerve XII
Movement of tongue
AUTOnomic fxn of occulomotor nerve III
Constricts pupil
Lens accommodation (near)
AUTOnomic fxn of Facial nerve VII
Lacrimal, submand, sublingual glands
sensory and motor to mucous of inner ear, oral and nasal
AUTOnomic fxn of Glossopharyngeal nerve IX
visceral sensation to post 1/3 tongue
secretomotor parotid gland
AUTOnomic fxn of vagus nerve X
general sensor, motor to sm muscle and secretory to pharynx, larynx, thoracic and abdominal viscera
Post ganglion SYMP to NECK
Via ___
by cervical plexus
via gray rami communicans from cervical SYM ganglia
Post ganglion SYMP to HEAD
Via ___
in plexuses foloowing arteries to head
via superior cervical SYM ganglia
CNS that gives rise to SYMP nervous system to head and neck
Spinal cord T1-4 (5)
PARA of AUTOnomic
CN - ganglia that receive preganglionic axons
Occulomotor III
Ciliary ganglion
PARA of AUTOnomic
CN - ganglia that receive preganglionic axons
Facial VII
Pterygopalatine ganglion
Submandibular ganglion
PARA of AUTOnomic
CN - ganglia that receive preganglionic axons
Glossopharyngeal
Otic ganglion
PARA of AUTOnomic
CN - ganglia that receive preganglionic axons
Vagus
Terminal ganglion of viscera
Pre ganglionic PARA axons
to
Ciliary ganglion
Inf occulomotor III
Pre ganglionic PARA axons
to
Otic ganglion
Lesser petrosal (from IX)
Pre ganglionic PARA axons
to
Pterygopalatine ganglion
Greater petrosal (from VII)
Pre ganglionic PARA axons
to
Submandibular ganglion
Chorda Tympani (from) VII)
POST ganglionic PARA axons
from
Ciliary ganglion
short ciliary nerves
POST ganglionic PARA axons
from
Otic ganglion
Auriculomotor (branch of mandibular n)
POST ganglionic PARA axons
from
Ptarygopalatine ganglion
Branches of maxillary V2
POST ganglionic PARA axons
from
Submandibular ganglion
Lingual nerve (branch of mandibular V3)
Nerves that pass through cribiform plate
Olfactory II
Nerves that pass through Foramen Magnum
Accessory Nerve XI
Nerves that pass through Foramen Ovale
Trigem (V3)
Lesser petrossal
Nerves that pass through Foramen Rotundum
Maxillary of Trigem (V2)
Nerves that pass through Hypoglossal canal
Hypoglossal nerve XII
Nerves that pass through Internal Auditory Meatus
Facial Nerve VII
Nerves that pass through Jugular foramen
Glosspharyngeal IX
Vagus X
Acessory XI
Nerves that pass through Mandibular foramen
Inferior Alveolar (branch of V3)
Nerves that pass through Optic Canal
Optic nerve II
Nerves that pass through Pterygoid Canal
Greater Petrosal (from VII)
Deep Petrosal (from SYM plexus around int carotid artery)
Nerves that pass through petrotympanic fissure
Chorda tympani (from VII)
Nerves that pass through Superior Orbital Fissure (SOF)
Occulomotor III
Trochlear IV
Abducens VI
Opthalmic V1
Muscles of mastication
Masseter
Medial pterygoid
Lateral pterygoid
Temporalis
(V2 of trigem)
Muscles that elevate jaw (close mouth)
Masseter
Temoralis
Medial pteygoids
Muscles that depress the jaw (open mouth)
Lateral pterygoids
suprahyoids
Branches of maxillary artery
"DAM I AM Piss Drunk But Stupid Drunk I Prefer, Must Phone Alcoholics Anonymous":
Deep auricular
Anterior tympanic
Middle meningeal
Inferior alveolar
Accessory meningeal
Masseteric
Pterygoid
Deep temporal
Buccal
Sphenopalatine
Descending palatine
Infraorbital
Posterior superior alveolar
Middle superior alveolar
Pharyngeal
Anterior superior alveolar
Artery of the pterygoid canal
Deviation of tongue to right when protruded
damage to ?
Right hypoglossal nerve (to same side of lesion)
Function of masseter
Elevate
protrude
retract jaw
Function of Temporalis
Elevate
retract jaw
Function of Medial pterygoid
Elevate
Protrude
Move jaw side to side
Function of Lateral pterygoids
depresses jaw
protrudes
Move jaw side to side
Through foramen ovale
OVALE:
Otic ganglion (just inferior)
V3 cranial nerve
Accessory meningeal artery
Lesser petrosal nerve
Emissary veins
through foramen rotundum
V2
Through foramen spinosum
Middle meningeal artery
Through stylomastoid foramen
Facial nerve VII
Through Optic canal
Optic nerve II
Opthalmic artery
Through Mandibular foramen
Inferior alveolar artery
Vein and Nerve
Bones that form Pterion
Frontal Parietal Sphenoid Temporal
Bones that form asterion
Occipital
Parietal
Temporal
Pass through Superior meatus
Ethmoid air cells
Pass into middle meatus
Ethmoid air cells
Maxillary sinus
Frontal Sinus
Pass into inferior meatus
Nasolacrimal duct
Innervate Nasal and paranasal mucous membranes
Sensory
Maxillary V2
Innervate Nasal and paranasal mucous membranes
PARAsympathetic
Pregang-T1-4
Postgang - pterygopalatine gang
Innervate Nasal and paranasal mucous membranes
SYMpathetic
Pregang - T1-4
Postgang - Superior cervical gang
Branches of Facial Nerve VII in superficial face
Tall Zebras Bite My Face
Temporal
Zygomatic
Buccal
Mandibular
Cervical
Pass through parotid gland
Facial Nerve
Retromandibular vein
External carotid artery
All through Superior Orbital Fissure
"Lazy French Tarts Lie Naked In Anticipation Of Sex":
Lacrimal nerve
Frontal nerve
Trochlear nerve
Lateral nerve
Nasociliary nerve
Internal nerve
Abducens nerve
Ophthalmic veins
Sympathetic nerves
Ansa Cervicalis Nerves
"GHost THought SOmeone STupid SHot Irene":
Geniohyoid
Thyrohyoid
Superior Omohyoid
Sternothyroid
Sternohyoid
Inferior omohyoid