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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
anthropology
study of humankind in all tine and all places
culture bound
theories about the world and really based on the assumptions and values of ones own culture.
applied anthro
hte use of anthro knowledge and methods to soolve problems often for a client
physical anthro
biological anthro systematic study of biolog. organisms.
molecular anthro
a branch of anthro that uses genes adn biochem techniques to test hypothesis abityu human evol, adaptation and variatio
paleoanthro
study of origins and predecesors of the present human species
primatology
study of living adn possil primates
forensic anthro
field of applied physical anthro that spec. in identification of human skel. remains
archeology
study of material remains usual from the past to explain human behav.
linguistic anthro
study of human lang
cultural anthro
study of customary patterns in human behav thoughm, and feelings. it focuses on humans as culture prod. andculure reproducing creatures
ethography
detailed description of a partic. culture prim based on fieldwork
fieldwork
the term anthro use for onlocation research
participant observation
in ethnography the techniquie of learning a peoples culture through social participation and personal observation within the community benig studied as well as interviews and discussion with indiv. members of the group over an exteneded period.
ethnology
the study adn analysis of different cultures form a comparitive or historical point view, utilizing ethnographic accounts and developing anthropological theories that help explain why certain importiant differences or similarities occur amoung groups.
holistic perspective
a fundamental principle of anthro that the various parts of culture must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdepedance.
informants
members of a society being studied who provide information that helps the ethnogrpaher make sense of what is being said and done.
medical anthro
a specialization in anthro that brings theoretical and applied approaches from cultural and biolog. anthro to the study of human health and disease.
fact
an observation verified by serveral observers skilled in the necessary techniqu. of observation
hypothesis
tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena
theory
in science an explanatio nof natual phenomean supported by a relable body of data
doctrine
an assertion of opinion or belief formally handed down by authoroty as true and indisputable
globalization
worldwide interconnectedness evidenced in global movements of natural resources, trade goodsm human labor, finance capital, info, and infec. disease.
Ch2
Ch2
culture
a societys shared and socially transmitted ideas values, and perceptions- whch are used to make sense of experience and generate behav. and which are reflected in behav.
society
an organizaed group or groups of interdepenat ppl who generally share a common territory, lang, and cultureand who act together for collective survival and well being.
gender
the cultural elaborations and meanigns assigned to hte biological diff. bw the sexes
subculture
a distinctive set of standards and behav. patterns by which a group within a larger society operates
ethnic groups
ppl who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distint group based on various cultural features such as shared ancestry and common origin, lang, customs and trad. beliefs
ethnic groups
ppl who collectivly and publicly identify themselves as a distinct gp based on various cultual features such as shares ancestryand common origin, lang, customs nad trad. beliefs
ethnicity
cult ideas held by group of sim ppl
pluralistic society
a society in which who or more ethnic groups or nationalities are politically organizsed into one terrirorial state byt maintian their own different cultures
encultuation
the process by wwhich a society's culture is transmitted from one generation to the next and indiv. become members of tehir society
symbols
signs that represent
human relations area files
a catalogue of cross indexed ethnographic data filed by geographic location and cult. characteristics. housed at yale
ethnohistory
the study of cultures of the recent past thru oral historyaccounts left by explorers, missionaries, traders, and through analtsis of such records as land titles, birthm, death recors and other materials.
ethnocentrism-
belief that ones own culture is superior
cultual relativism
the thesis that one must suspend judgement of ther peoples prac. inorder to understad their own culture.