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21 Cards in this Set

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2 main groups of primates & examples
1.Prosimian - squirrel like - lemurs

2.simian
5 groups of Simians
1. Greater apes - chimp, gorrilla
2.lesser apes - gibbons
3. humans
4.NWP - Platyrhini - marmoset, tamarins
5.OWP - catarhini ex. monkeys
Most common primate for research
Macaca mulatta - rhesus monkey
A&P of NWP
prehensile tail, rounded skulls, 36 teeth
A&P of OWP
ischial callosities
Some have cheek pouches
Flattened skull w/ ridge
32 teeth (like humans)
What is "sex skin" & who has it
OWP - turgescence (swelling) & reddish color change of external genitalia durin estrus
Animal Welfare act instists upon _____ for primates in captivity
BE & psychological well being
Housing requirements for primates
1. stainless steel
2. slotted floor
3. waste pan
4. squeeze door
5. Temp: 64-84
6. Humidity 30-70%
Essenial vitamin that must be supplied to primates
Vit C
Injection sites for primates
SQ - btwn the shoulder blades
IM - quad, glutes, tricep in larger
IV - cephalic, saphenous
Oral -
Most common anesthesia used with primates
ketamins 100mg/mL

Combo drugs - ace, valium, xylazine
Best gas anesthesia for primates
iso or sevo
How to decrease excess salivation resulting from ketamine
atropine
Opioids can use with primates
meperidine, butorphanol, morphine
Blood collection site in primate
1. femoral vein in inner thigh - teach to offer
2. cephalic & saphenous for larger
Monkey dz
Bacterial are most common
1. gastroenterisit
2. shigellosis - bloody diarrhea
3. campylobacter - watery poop - erythromyacin to tx
Resp dz in monkeys
1. TB mostly in OWP (macagues)
2. trans: aerosolization
Viral Dz of monkeys
1/Herpes simplex is FATAL TO primates!!

Herpes B is FATAL ENCEPHALITIS IN HUMANS
2 SUBORDERS OF PRIMATES
1. PROSIMII
2. Anthropoidea
Scientific name of chimp
Pan troglodytes
Scientific name of rhesus monkey
Macaca mulatta