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14 Cards in this Set

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(gives a sense of surprise, disbelief, reproach, or the like.)
Nたら/ったら is often used in informal conversations to indicate the topic of a sentence. Compared with a は(wa)-marked topic, ~たら/ったら gives a sense of surprise, disbelief, reproach, or the like.
considerably; really; to a great extent
よっぽど is a colloquial form of よほど, which indicates that something is of a degree considerably greater than usual.
it must be ~
It follows nouns, stem forms of な-adjectives, plain forms of い-adjectives and verbs
indeed; as may be expected
さすが(に) gives a connotation that the speaker is favorably impressed with the state. It is often preceded by [Sentence+だけあって].
things (or people) like ~
Both なんか and なんて can follow a noun, with the meaning of 'things (or people) like ~.' Only なんて, however, can follow a sentence. なんて is a contraction of many forms such as などは, などと, などというのは or the like.
although ~
ものの is a conjunction meaning 'although,' and tends to be used in writing. Nouns are in である-form (i.e., 日本人であるものの), and な-adjectives are either in である-form or in な-form (i.e., 便利であるものの;べんりなものの), and the plain forms of verbs and い-adjectives.
on one hand; on the other hand
It is often used in a phrase 一方では~、他方では~. However, one of the two phrases is often omitted.
almost every day
It means that it appears like every day, although it is not actually every day. 日 can be replaced by 週,月,年,回,時間,etc.
at most
It indicates a maximum limit, which is still a small amount.
When, in [S1 ながら S2], S1 contains a noun, adjective, or stative verb, it expresses the idea of 'although S1, S2.' Notice that, when S1 contains an action verb, ながら indicates two simultanous actions.
for; considering
even so
as far as ~; as long as ~
It is used to set limits within which the following statement holds true. It generally follows plain forms of verbs and い-adjectives. Nouns are in である-form (i.e., 日本人である限り), and な-adjectives are either in である-form or in な-form (i.e., 静 かな限り).
on the contrary
It indicates that the result (or consequence) is contrary to what you expected.