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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is anemia?
A shortage of red blood cells, hemoblogin or both
What is pernicious anemia?
Reductions in intrinsic factor cause the body to be unable to absorb vitamin B12.
What is sickle cell anemia?
A hemolytic anemia in which red blood cells develop a sickle shape.
Where do clots go if they develop on the venous side?
Lungs
Where do clots go if they develop on the arterial side?
Anywhere their artery carries them
Pulmonary embolism is a complication of what?
Thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombosis
What is a complication of unresolved hematomas?
Congealed pooled blood and occasionally myositis ossificans
What is hemophilia?
A genetic disorder in which certain clotting factors in the blood are either insufficient or missing altogether.
What is leukemia?
A cancer of white blood cells that are produced in bone marrow.
What are the signs and symptoms of thrombophlebitis?
Pain, heat, redness, swelling, itchiness, a hard cord where the vein is affected and edema
What is an aneurysm in the brain called?
Berry
What are early signs and symptoms of atherosclerosis?
There are none
What is a major factor in developing atherosclerosis?
High blood pressure
What is atherosclerosis?
Hardening of the coronary arteries
What is Raynaud's Syndrome?
Episodes of vasospasm of the arterioles
Where do varicose veins develop?
Saphenous veins
What is another term for spider veins?
Telangiectasias
What is another term for heart attack?
Myocardial infarction
What happens during a heart attack?
Cardiac muscle is killed off from lack of oxygen
What blood vessels are involved in a heart attack?
Coronary arteries
What is angina pectoris?
Chest pain
What happens in left sided heart failure?
Pulmonary edema
What happens in right sided heart failure?
Hepatomegaly, renal failure and edema
What is the difference between an embolis and a thrombus?
Embolis - moves
Thrombus - stationary
What is ecchymosis?
A bruise
What does insulin do?
Decreases blood glucose
What are complications of diabetes?
Cardiovascular disease, stroke, hypertension, aneurysm, edema, ulcers, gangrene, amputations, kidney disease, impaired vision, neuropathy, urinary tract infections, candidiasis, birthdefects, gum disease and tooth loss