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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is a comminuted fracture?
Shattering of broken bone
What does RICE stand for?
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
What conditions are at a high risk for pathological fracture?
Osteoporosis, Paget's disease
What is a common pathology for runners?
Plantar Fasciitis, Shin Splints
What is Wolff's Law?
Bone is living tissue, and remodels according to the stresses that are placed on it.
What type of spasm contraindicates massage?
Splinting
What conditions are commonly associated with fibromyalgia?
Chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, sleep disorders
How should massage therapists treat people with fibromyalgia?
Gentle massage to create relaxation and aid with toxic flushing
What is the most serious condition that can be described as a shin splint?
Acute exertional compartment syndrome
Where are satellite points?
Other muscle areas rather than the original source of
pain.
Why is it good to massage a person with myofascial pain syndrome?
Massage breaks the pain-spasm cycle
What is Paget's disease?
Healthy bone is replaced with fibrous connective tissue that never fully calcifies.
Where does the primary trigger point form?
In taut bands of muscle fibers
What is the difference between an osteoblast and an osteoclast?
Osteoblasts build new bone, osteoclasts break down existing bone.
How many tender points do you need to have fibromyalgia?
11 out of 18
What is another word for diarthrodial?
Synovial
What is the difference between a spasm and a cramp?
Spasms are long lasting; cramps are short lived.
What is lordosis?
Overdeveloped lumbar curve
What is kyphosis?
Overdeveloped thoracic curve
What is scoliosis?
S, C or reverse-C curve in the spine.
What are some diagnostic signs and symptoms of fibromyalgia?
-Chronic pain for a minimum of 3 months
-11 out of 18 mapped tender points need to be active
-Active tender points must be widely distributed
What are the products of aerobic respiration?
Carbon dioxide and water
What is the most severe form of muscular dystrophy?
Duchenne
What is a complication of acute exertional compartment syndrome?
Tissue death
What are the parts of a long bone?
Diaphysis, epiphysis, articular cartilage, spongy bone, red marrow, yellow marrow, medullary cavity, compact bone, periosteum
What is myositis ossificans?
The growth of bony deposit in soft tissues
Why can shin splints be very dangerous?
The cycle of edema can limit blood flow and cause tissue death.
What causes a muscle spasm?
Oxygen deprivation causing ischemia
What is the difference between a sprain and a strain?
Sprain - ligaments
Strain - tendons
What is a compound fracture?
The bone is completely broken
Who is at a higher risk for developing osteoporosis and why?
Women because:
-lower bone density
-childbirth drains calcium reserves
-hormonal changes
Describe trigger points in general
Palpable nodules in taut bands of muscle fibers
What are some early signs of osteoporosis?
Compression fractures in the vertebrae
Is the number of people who have fibromyalgia accurate?
No, men may be less likely to seek medical intervention for symptoms.