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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the bones of the shoulder girdle?
Scapula & clavicle
What is the only energy source for contractile activities?
ATP
What is the difference between isotonic and isometric?
Isotonic: a contraction in which tension remains constant as muscle shortens or lengthens
Isometric: a muscle contraction that produces tension in a muscle
What is the difference between concentric vs eccentric?
Concentric: muscle shortens, must overcome antigravity or resistance
Eccentric: muscle lengthens, yields to gravity on resistance
What does the long thoracic nerve do?
Innervates serratus anterior, weakened protraction, upward rotation, contributes to winged scapula
What are the fiber arrangements that make the strongest muscles?
Multipennate
In a pushup, what are the muscles that act on the scapula?
Protraction: pec minor & serratus anterior
Retraction: middle traps & rhomboids
All movements of the scapula take place at which joint?
Sternoclavicular joint (SC)
Which muscles attach to the greater tubercle of the humerus?
Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
Which muscle attaches to the lesser tubercle of the humerus?
Subscapularis
What does the brachial plexus consist of?
C5-C8, T1 ventral rami
What is the origin of biceps?
Short head: coracoid process
Long head: supraglenoid tubercle
What is the insertion of biceps?
Radial tuberosity
What is the action of biceps?
Flexion
What is the origin of triceps?
Long head: Infraglenoid tubercle
Lateral head: above spiral groove
Medial head: below spiral groove
What is the insertion of triceps?
Olecranon process
What is the action of triceps?
Extension
Which muscles make up the walls of the axilla?
Anterior wall: pec major
Posterior wall: latissimus doris & teres major
Which shoulder muscles medially rotate?
Subscapularis, anterior deltoid, latissimus dorsi, teres major, pec major
Which shoulder muscles laterally rotate?
Infraspinatous, teres minor, posterior deltoid
What are the locations of the tubercles on the humerus?
Greater tubercle: Medial
Lesser tubercle: Lateral
What is the origin of coracobrachialis?
Coracoid process
What is the insertion of coracobrachialis?
Medial middle third of the humerus
Which muscles insert on the bicipital groove?
Latissimus dorsi, teres major, pec major
What does the anatomical snuffbox consist of?
Extensor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis longus, radial artery
What structures does the hypothenar eminance consist of?
Flexor digiti minimi, abductor digiti minimi, opponens digiti minimi
What structures make up the thenar eminance?
Flexor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis
What is the strongest elbow flexor?
Brachialis
Which carpal bone forms the saddle joint of the thumb?
Trapezium
What adducts the lesser fingers?
Palmar interossei
What abducts the lesser fingers?
Dorsal interossei
Which muscles are involved in carpal tunnel syndrome?
Flexor retinaculum, flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor digitorum profundus
Which structures make up the funny bone?
Medial epicondyle and ulnar nerve
What is the only thumb muscle solely innervated by the ulnar nerve?
Adductor pollicis
Which muscles attach to the iliotibial band?
TFL & gluteus maximus
What is your sit to stand muscle?
Gluteus maximus
Which exercise strengthens iliopsoas?
Straight leg sit ups
Which muscles attach to the greater trochanter?
Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus & deep six lateral rotators
Which muscles attach to the lesser trochanter?
Iliopsoas
What is the strongest hip flexor?
Iliopsoas
What is the strongest hip extensor?
Gluteus maximus
The sciatic nerve mostly supplies which side of the thigh?
Posterior side (hamstrings)
What attaches to the linea aspera?
biceps femoris, adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis & pectineus
What is the common action for the pes anserine muscles?
Flex the knee
What attaches to the gluteal tuberosity?
Gluteus maximus
What do you do at the joints to stretch the hamstrings?
Extend the knee and flex the hip
What attaches to the ASIS?
Sartorius
What attaches to the AIIS?
Rectus femoris
Which tarsal has no muscular attachments?
Talus
What attaches to the adductor tubercle?
Adductor magnus
What is the femoral triangle made up of?
Sartorius, inguinal ligament, adductor longus
What are the actions of TFL?
Abduction, medial rotation
What is the common origin for hamstrings?
Ischial tuberosity
Which muscles are innervated by the sciatic nerve?
Hamstrings, posterior head of adductor magnus
Which muscles are innervated by the femoral nerve?
Quadriceps, sartorius, pectineus, iliopsoas
Which muscles attach to the iliac crest?
Gluteus minimus, gluteus maximus
Which muscles pass behind the lateral malleolus?
Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
What is the deepest posterior crural muscle?
Tibialis posterior
Injury to the common peroneal nerve affects which muscles?
Gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus
Injury to the deep peroneal nerve affects which muscles?
Tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius
Injury to the superficial peroneal nerve affects which muscles?
Peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
How do you stretch quads?
Flex the knee
Which muscle maintains the longitudinal arch?
Flexor digitorum longus
What is the action of popliteus?
Flexion & medial rotation
Which muscle is important for propulsion during ambulation?
Flexor hallucis longus
Which muscles attach to the Achilles Tendon?
Gastrocnemius & plantaris
What is the strongest plantarflexor?
Soleus
What is the strongest dorsiflexor?
Tibialis anterior
Which muscle opens the eye?
Levator palpebrae superioris
Which muscle closes the eye?
Orbicularis oculi
Which muscles elevate the corners of the mouth?
Levator anguli oris, zygomatic major
Which muscles depress the corners of the mouth?
Depressor anguli oris, depressor labi inferioris
What is another term for Bell's Palsy?
Paralysis of facial muscles
What is the suck and blow muscle?
Buccinator
What inserts into the capsule of the TMJ?
TMJ capsule
The brachial plexus exits through these muscles?
Anterior and middle scalenes
Entrapment of the suboccipital nerve causes what?
Headaches
What is Morton's Neuroma?
Nerve growth between metatarsals
What is pes cavus?
High arch
What is pes planus?
Flat foot
What is an inversion sprain?
Most common ankle injury
What is plantar fasciitis?
Heel spur
What is ITB Friction Syndrome?
Runners Knee (Lateral Femoral Epicondylitis)
What is tennis elbow?
Lateral epicondylitis
What is golfer's elbow?
Medial epicondylitis
What are the lumbricals?
Writing muscles