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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which part of the cell is selectively permeable?
Plasma membrane
Which part of the cell monitors and regulates all cell function?
Nucleus
Which part of the cell contains living material?
Cytoplasm
Which part of the cell acts as the digestive system?
Endoplasmic reticulum
Which part of the cell acts as the circulatory system?
Golgi apparatus
Which part of the cell eliminates waste?
Lysosomes
What are the four stages of mitosis?
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
In which phase of mitosis do spindle fibers appear?
Prophase
In which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes align in the center of the cell?
Metaphase
In which phase of mitosis does the cleavage furrow appear?
Anaphase
In which phase of mitosis does the cell split into twins?
Telophase
What type of muscle cell is voluntary and striated?
Skeletal
What type of muscle cell is involuntary and striated?
Cardiac
What type of muscle cell is involuntary and non-striated?
Smooth
What does the all or none principle state?
A muscle cell is contracted 100% or not at all
What is the structural unit of bone tissue?
Osteon
What is a mature bone cell called?
Osteocyte
What is a bone forming cell called?
Osteoblast
What is a bone absorbing cell called?
Osteoclast
What is formed within red bone marrow?
Blood
What is the hollow area inside the shaft of a bone called?
Medullary cavity
What is the end of a long bone called?
Epiphysis
What is the shaft of a long bone called?
Diaphysis
What are the functions of the skeletal system?
Support, protection, movement, calcium storage, hemopoiesis
How many vertebrae are in the cervical spine?
7
How many vertebrae are in the thoracic spine?
12
How many vertebrae are in the lumbar spine?
5
What is typical about cervical vertebrae?
Small bodies
What is atypical about C1 (atlas)?
No body
What is atypical about C2 (axis)?
Odontoid process
What is atypical about C7?
Vertebral prominence
What is typical about thoracic vertebrae?
Spinous processes point inferiorly and they have rib attachments
What is typical about lumbar vertebrae?
Big bodies
What is the largest ball and socket joint in the upper extremity called?
Glenohumeral joint
What is the largest ball and socket joint in the lower extremity called?
Acetabulum
What is a movement which reduces the angle between two bones?
Flexion
What is a movement which increases the angle between two bones?
Extension
What is a movement of a body part away from the midline?
Abduction
What is a movement of a body part toward the midline?
Adduction
What is inflammation of the medial epicondyle called?
Golfer's elbow
What is inflammation of the lateral epicondyle called?
Tennis elbow
What is the largest sesamoid bone in the body?
Patella
What is the weight bearing bone in the foot?
Talus
What is the big toe called?
Hallucis
What is a disease of wear and tear on the distal joints?
Osteoarthritis
What is an autoimmune disease affecting the proximal joints?
Rheumatoid arthritis
What is a fracture in which the bone sticks through the skin?
Compound
What is a single muscle cell called?
Myofibril
What is a bundle of muscle fibers called?
Fascicle
What is the attachment of a muscle to the bone that does not move?
Origin
What is the attachment of a muscle to the bone that moves?
Insertion
What is a muscle contraction in which there is no movement?
Isometric
What is a muscle contraction that involves movement?
Isotonic
What is a muscle contraction in which the force overcomes resistance?
Concentric
What is a muscle contraction in which the force yields to resistance?
Eccentric
What is the primary mover called?
Agonist
What is the assisting muscle called?
Synergist
What is a muscle that provides resistance or opposing force?
Antagonist
What is a motor neuron and all muscle fibers supplied by it?
Motor unit
What is the o9nly flexor on the extensor surface of the body?
Brachioradialis
A spasm of which muscle causes thoracic outlet syndrome?
Pectoralis minor
What are the four muscles of the quadriceps?
Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis
What muscle originates on the thoracolumbar aponeurosis and inserts on the bicipital groove?
Latissimus dorsi
What muscle originates on the EOP and goes down to T12, then inserts on the scapula?
Trapezius
What muscle stabilizes the scapula against the ribs?
Serratus anterior
What is the christmas tree shaped muscle between the scapulae?
Rhomboids
What is the small triangular muscle that assists triceps?
Anconeus
Which muscle is the antagonist to biceps?
Triceps
What large muscle extends the hip?
Gluteus maximus
Which abdominal muscle is the antagonist to gluteus maximus?
Iliopsoas
Which muscle flexes the trunk?
Rectus abdominus
What are the muscles of mastication?
Masseter, temporalis and the pterygoids
Which muscle closes the mouth?
Orbicularis oris
Which muscle closes the eye?
Orbicularis oculi
Which muscle opens the eye?
Levator palpebrae
What is the kissing muscle?
Buccinator
Whare are the smile muscles?
Zygomaticus & risorius
Which muscle wrinkles the forehead?
Frontalis
Which muscle wrinkles the nose?
Procerus
Where do the quadriceps muscles insert?
Tibial tuberosity
Where do the hamstrings originate?
Ischial tuberosity
What muscle on the front of the tibia dorsiflexes the ankle?
Tibialis anterior
Which two headed calf muscle plantarflexes the ankle?
Gastrocnemius