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28 Cards in this Set

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Mission
An amphibious operation is a military operation launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked on ships or craft, involving the landing on a hostile or potentially hostile shore.
Where was the first amphibious assault?
New Providence Bahamas, 1776
Where was the first Amphibious assault to secure an advanced naval base?
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
Where was the last great amphibious assault?
Inchon
What are the types of operations?
Demonstration
Raid
Assault
Withdraw
Demonstration
A show of force designed to cause the enemy to react in a manner favorable to us.
Raid
A short incursion into a enemy area to occupy an objective the conduct a planned withdraw.
Assault
The standard form of operation the landing on a hostile or potentially hostile shore.
Withdraw
The removal of forces from a hostile or potentially hostile shore.
Phases of Amphibious Warfare
Planning
Embarkation
Rehersal
Movement
Assault
Planning
the period from the issuance of the initial directive until embarkation. consists of assembly and embarkation of personnel and materials; Anticipated strength of enemy forces; Climate and terrain; communication capabilities; Anticipated length of supply lines; Target dates
Embarkation
period where forces and materials are loaded onto assigned shipping
Rehersal
full scale practice of amphibious operation;
-tests communication
-adequacy and timing of operations
-Evaluates combat readiness of personell
-ensures command is familiar with plan
Movement
Movement of the Amphibious Task Force to the Amphibious Objective Area. The navy uses deceptive measures to confuse the enemy while traveling to the target
Assault
When enough of the Amphibious Task force arrive to assigned positions to begin landing
-ship to shore movement
-provisions of supporting arms and logistics
-preparation of the landing area by supporting arms
-air and surface assault
-Landing remaining elements
-bringing tanks ashore
Adjacent Operations
Pre-Assault
Subsidiary Landings
Supporting Operations
Pre-assault
-isolation of objective area
-gain information about enemy positions
-prepare an objective area
Subsidiary Landings
-capture a specific position for use in the main landing
-capture an area to deny its use to the enemy in harming the main effort
-induce a hostile reaction that will favor the main landing
Supporting Operations
-assistance in gaining or maintaining air, ground, or naval supremacy
-psychological and unconventional operations
LHA-1 Tarawa class
Amphibious assault ship; composite of six ships
-flagship for amphibious squadron
-aircraft carrier
-amphibious assault vehicle
-hospital ship
-command and control ship
-assault probisions carrier
LHD-1 Wasp class
improved version of the Tarawa class; can carry 3 LCACs and a Marine Expiditionary Unit
LSD-41 Whidbey Island
Dock Landing ship; designed to carry 4 LCACs; can also carry 630 marines
LPD-17 San Antonio
Amphibious Transport Dock; future of amphibious warfare; carries 2 LCACs, 600 troops, and 6 marine helicpters
Landing craft
-Landing Craft Utility (LCU)
-Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM)
-Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC)
Amphibious Assault Vehicles
vehicles that spearhead a beach assault; once they have landed they can
-Mount Operations in Urban Terrain(MOUT)
-escort food convoys
AAV-7
armored assault amphibious full-tracked vehicle, carries 25 troops from ship to shore
Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle(AAAV)
designed to replace the AAV; has a water speed of 23-29 mph, and can be launced from 25 miles or more off shore
LCAC
high speed over-the-beach landing craft; can carry 60-75 tons of payload; can reach 70% of the world's coastlines